Posts Tagged 'Genealogy'

1 Chronicles Chapter 8

Benjamin was the son of Jacob and his beloved wife Rachel. His mother died just after his birth. He was the brother of Joseph, and made a bargaining chip for Joseph before he revealed himself in Egypt. This chapter of Chronicles (which I have done my best to understand, but it may not be a perfect understanding) lists the sons of Benjamin and it begins with the following:

1 Now Benjamin begat Bela his firstborn, Ashbel the second, and Aharah the third,
2 Nohah the fourth, and Rapha the fifth.
3 And the sons of Bela were, Addar, and Gera, and Abihud,
4 And Abishua, and Naaman, and Ahoah,
5 And Gera, and Shephuphan, and Huram.
6 And these are the sons of Ehud: these are the heads of the fathers of the inhabitants of Geba, and they removed them to Manahath:
7 And Naaman, and Ahiah, and Gera, he removed them, and begat Uzza, and Ahihud.
8 And Shaharaim begat children in the country of Moab, after he had sent them away; Hushim and Baara were his wives.
9 And he begat of Hodesh his wife, Jobab, and Zibia, and Mesha, and Malcham,
10 And Jeuz, and Shachia, and Mirma. These were his sons, heads of the fathers.
11 And of Hushim he begat Abitub, and Elpaal.

Benjamin had five sons named Bela, Ashbel, Aharah, Nohah, and Rapha. His firstborn, Bela, was the father of Addar, Gera, Abihud, Abishua, Naaman, Ahoah, Gera, Shephuphan, and Huram. Bela’s sons were the sons of Ehud, who lived in Geba. In the Bible Dictionary, it says that Ehud was the son of Gera. Ehud was raised up by the Lord, to deliver Israel. They had been oppressed by Eglon, king of Moab, for 18 years. Ehud took a present to Eglon, but when left alone after he delivered it, he killed the king and then escaped. He went on to lead Israel to subdue Moab and have peace for 80 years. (see Judges 3-4) The sons of Ehud were relocated to Manahath. Naaman, Ahiah, and Gera were removed, and he became the father of Uzza and Ahihud. After they were sent away, Shaharaim had children in Moab. He was married to Hushim and Baara. Shaharaim was the father of Jobab, Zibia, Mesha, Malcham, Jeuz, Shachia, and Mirma, by his wife Hodesh. By his wife Hushim, he was the father of Abitub and Elpaal.

12 The sons of Elpaal; Eber, and Misham, and Shamed, who built Ono, and Lod, with the towns thereof:
13 Beriah also, and Shema, who were heads of the fathers of the inhabitants of Aijalon, who drove away the inhabitants of Gath:
14 And Ahio, Shashak, and Jeremoth,
15 And Zebadiah, and Arad, and Ader,
16 And Michael, and Ispah, and Joha, the sons of Beriah;
17 And Zebadiah, and Meshullam, and Hezeki, and Heber,
18 Ishmerai also, and Jezliah, and Jobab, the sons of Elpaal;
19 And Jakim, and Zichri, and Zabdi,
20 And Elienai, and Zilthai, and Eliel,
21 And Adaiah, and Beraiah, and Shimrath, the sons of Shimhi;
22 And Ishpan, and Heber, and Eliel,
23 And Abdon, and Zichri, and Hanan,
24 And Hananiah, and Elam, and Antothijah,
25 And Iphedeiah, and Penuel, the sons of Shashak;
26 And Shamsherai, and Shehariah, and Athaliah,
27 And Jaresiah, and Eliah, and Zichri, the sons of Jeroham.
28 These were heads of the fathers, by their generations, chief men. These dwelt in Jerusalem.

Elpaal was the patriarch of Eber, Misham, Shamed (builder of Ono and Lod), Beriah and Shema (fathers of the people who lived in Aijalon, who drove away the people of Gath); Ahio, Shashak, Jeremoth, Zebadiah, Arad, Ader, Michael, Ispah, and Jona (sons of Beriah); Zebadiah, Meshullam, Hezeki, Heber, Ishmerai, Jezliah, and Jobab (sons of Elpaal); Jakim, Zichri, Zabdi, Elienai, Zilthai, Eliel, Adaiah, Beraiah, and Shimrath (sons of Shimhi); Ishpan, Heber, Eliel, Abdon, Zichri, Hanan, Hananiah, Elam, Antothijah, Iphedeiah, and Penuel (sons of Shashak); and Shamsherai, Shehariah, Athaliah, Jaresiah, Eliah, and Zichri (sons of Jeroham). These men were the chiefs of the tribe of Benjamin, and they lived in Jerusalem.

29 And at Gibeon dwelt the father of Gibeon; whose wife’s name was Maachah:
30 And his firstborn son Abdon, and Zur, and Kish, and Baal, and Nadab,
31 And Gedor, and Ahio, and Zacher.
32 And Mikloth begat Shimeah. And these also dwelt with their brethren in Jerusalem, over against them.

The father of Gibeon, who lived there, was married to Maachah. He was the father of Abdon, Zur, Kish, Baal, Nadab, Gedor, Ahio, and Zacher. Mikloth was the father of Shimeah, and they lived in Jerusalem with their family.

33 And Ner begat Kish, and Kish begat Saul, and Saul begat Jonathan, and Malchi-shua, and Abinadab, and Esh-baal.
34 And the son of Jonathan was Merib-baal; and Merib-baal begat Micah.
35 And the sons of Micah were, Pithon, and Melech, and Tarea, and Ahaz.
36 And Ahaz begat Jehoadah; and Jehoadah begat Alemeth, and Azmaveth, and Zimri; and Zimri begat Moza,
37 And Moza begat Binea: Rapha was his son, Eleasah his son, Azel his son:
38 And Azel had six sons, whose names are these, Azrikam, Bocheru, and Ishmael, and Sheariah, and Obadiah, and Hanan. All these were the sons of Azel.
39 And the sons of Eshek his brother were, Ulam his firstborn, Jehush the second, and Eliphelet the third.
40 And the sons of Ulam were mighty men of valour, archers, and had many sons, and sons’ sons, an hundred and fifty. All these are of the sons of Benjamin.

Ner was the father of Kish, who was the father of Saul. (In 1 Samuel 9:1, we learn that Kish was the son of Abiel, who was the son of Zeror, who was the son of Bechorath, who was the son of Aphiah. Then in chapter 14, it says that Ner was the uncle of Saul, not the grandfather. This would make Ner the son of Abiel as well.) Saul was the first king of Israel, who was eventually rejected by the Lord for disobedience to counsel and was succeeded by David. Saul was the father of Jonathan, Malchishua, Abinadab, and Esh-baal. (In 1 Samuel 14:49, it says that Saul was the father of Jonathan, Ishui, and Melchi-shua.) Jonathan was the beloved friend of David. (see 1 Samuel 18:1) Jonathan was the father of Merib-baal (Mephibosheth), who was the father of Micah. Merib-baal was the surviving son after the death of Jonathan and his father Saul. (see 2 Samuel 4) Micah was the father of Pithon, Melech, Tarea, and Ahaz. Ahaz was the father of Jehoadah, who was the father of Alemeth, Azmaveth, and Zimri. Zimri was the father of Moza, who was the father of Binea. Binea was the patriarch of Rapha, Eleasah, and Azel. Azel was the father of Azrikam, Bocheru, Ishmael, Sheariah, Obadiah, and Hanan. Eshek, the brother of Azel, was the father of Ulam, Jehush, and Eliphelet. Ulam was the father of mighty men of valor. His sons and their sons totaled 150, and they were archers.

There were not a lot of men from Benjamin who were mentioned in the scriptures other than being named on this list, but the few of note were significant in the history of the children of Israel. Ehud, Saul and Jonathan were all men of valor, who led the people in battles and served to deliver Israel from their enemies. While, Saul’s personal ambitions and weaknesses led him down a path of self-destruction, he did lead for years as the Lord had intended him to do. It shows again, that leadership, strength, and courage came from more than just one tribe in Israel. The Lord continues to raise people from different families, groups, and nations to lead his people today. He is no respecter of persons, but looks within for those who have faith and courage to follow Him.

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1 Chronicles Chapter 5

A Family Tree

A genealogy record of the children of Israel is given in this chapter of Chronicles. A record of the sons of Judah and Simeon were recorded already, and this chapter will list some of the line of Reuben. (Note: The wording of these genealogies is not always easily understood, but this is what I gather from these verses.) It begins as follows:

1 Now the sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel, (for he was the firstborn; but, forasmuch as he defiled his father’s bed, his birthright was given unto the sons of Joseph the son of Israel: and the genealogy is not to be reckoned after the birthright.
2 For Judah prevailed above his brethren, and of him came the chief ruler; but the birthright was Joseph’s:)
3 The sons, I say, of Reuben the firstborn of Israel were, Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi.
4 The sons of Joel; Shemaiah his son, Gog his son, Shimei his son,
5 Micah his son, Reaia his son, Baal his son,
6 Beerah his son, whom Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria carried away captive: he was prince of the Reubenites.
7 And his brethren by their families, when the genealogy of their generations was reckoned, were the chief, Jeiel, and Zechariah,
8 And Bela the son of Azaz, the son of Shema, the son of Joel, who dwelt in Aroer, even unto Nebo and Baal-meon:
9 And eastward he inhabited unto the entering in of the wilderness from the river Euphrates: because their cattle were multiplied in the land of Gilead.
10 And in the days of Saul they made war with the Hagarites, who fell by their hand: and they dwelt in their tents throughout all the east land of Gilead.

Reuben was the firstborn son of Israel (Jacob), by his first wife Leah, but his birthright was taken from him when he slept with his father’s concubine, Bilhah. The birthright, which as the firstborn was a double-portion, was given to the two sons of Joseph, Ephraim and Manasseh. Joseph was the firstborn of Jacob’s second wife. The genealogy is not continued with the birthright, because the tribe of Judah became the chief tribe. It is the tribe of the King of Kings, even Jesus the Christ. The sons of Reuben were Hanoch, Pallu, Hezron and Carmi. The sons of Joel were Shemaiah, Gog, Shimei, Micah, Reaia, Baal, and Beerah. Beerah, prince or leader of the Reubenites, was carried away captive by Tilgath-pilneser of Assyria. The genealogy continued with the leader, Jeilel, Zechariah, and Bela, the son of Azaz, who was the son of Shema, who was the son of Joel of Aroer. At the time of the rule of Saul, the Reubenites made war with the Hagarites, who were defeated. They lived in the eastern part of the land of Gilead, which was apart from the majority of the land belonging to the tribes of Israel and separated by the Jordan.

11 And the children of Gad dwelt over against them, in the land of Bashan unto Salchah:
12 Joel the chief, and Shapham the next, and Jaanai, and Shaphat in Bashan.
13 And their brethren of the house of their fathers were, Michael, and Meshullam, and Sheba, and Jorai, and Jachan, and Zia, and Heber, seven.
14 These are the children of Abihail the son of Huri, the son of Jaroah, the son of Gilead, the son of Michael, the son of Jeshishai, the son of Jahdo, the son of Buz;
15 Ahi the son of Abdiel, the son of Guni, chief of the house of their fathers.
16 And they dwelt in Gilead in Bashan, and in her towns, and in all the suburbs of Sharon, upon their borders.
17 All these were reckoned by genealogies in the days of Jotham king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam king of Israel.

The descendants of Gad lived near them, in he land of Bashan. Their leader were Joel, Shapham, Jaanai, and Shapha in Bashan. Their seven brothers were Michael, Meshullam, Sheba, Jorai, Jachan, Zia, and Heber. Abihail, son of Huri, was the patriarch of the son of Jaroah, the son of Gilead, the son of Michael, the son of Jehishai, the son of Jahdo, the son of Buz, Ahi the son of Abdiel, and the son of Guni who was the leader of their family. These people lived in Gilead. They were counted in the days of Jotham of Judah and Jeroboam of Israel.

18 The sons of Reuben, and the Gadites, and half the tribe of Manasseh, of valiant men, men able to bear buckler and sword, and to shoot with bow, and skilful in war, were four and forty thousand seven hundred and threescore, that went out to the war.
19 And they made war with the Hagarites, with Jetur, and Nephish, and Nodab.
20 And they were helped against them, and the Hagarites were delivered into their hand, and all that were with them: for they cried to God in the battle, and he was entreated of them; because they put their trust in him.
21 And they took away their cattle; of their camels fifty thousand, and of sheep two hundred and fifty thousand, and of asses two thousand, and of men an hundred thousand.
22 For there fell down many slain, because the war was of God. And they dwelt in their steads until the captivity.

A war was made with the Hagarites, Jetur, Nephish and Nodab. 44,760 valiant and able fighters from the tribes of Reuben, Gad, and half the tribe of Manasseh, gathered together to fight this war. They cried to God and were helped for putting their trust in Him. The Hagarites were delivered into their hands. They also took their cattle, 50,000 camels, 250,000 sheep, 2,000 donkeys and 100,000 men. Many of their enemy died because God fought for them. They lived in their homes, until captivity.

23 And the children of the half tribe of Manasseh dwelt in the land: they increased from Bashan unto Baal-hermon and Senir, and unto mount Hermon.
24 And these were the heads of the house of their fathers, even Epher, and Ishi, and Eliel, and Azriel, and Jeremiah, and Hodaviah, and Jahdiel, mighty men of valour, famous men, and heads of the house of their fathers.

The children of the half tribe of Manasseh lived in the land and increased in number. Their leaders were Epher, Ishi, Eliel, Azriel, Jeremiah, Hodaviah, and Jahdiel. There were famous and mighty men.

25 And they transgressed against the God of their fathers, and went a whoring after the gods of the people of the land, whom God destroyed before them.
26 And the God of Israel stirred up the spirit of Pul king of Assyria, and the spirit of Tilgath-pilneser king of Assyria, and he carried them away, even the Reubenites, and the Gadites, and the half tribe of Manasseh, and brought them unto Halah, and Habor, and Hara, and to the river Gozan, unto this day.

Eventually, the Reubenites, Gadites and half of Massaeh, transgressed against God. They turned to idolatry, as did so many of the children of Israel. The spirit of Pul, king of Assyria, was stirred up against these tribes, and he carried them away captive to Assyria, to Halah, Habor, Hara, and the river Gozan.

It is important that every tribe of the children of Israel recorded a genealogy of their family, however the reason why there is little in this record of the Reubenites, is because the tribe of Judah became the leaders of the land. King David was from Bethlehem and his kingdom was established in Jerusalem. A king reigned in Judah until the time of capture when Zedekiah reigned. Most ancient records that we have of genealogy, contain records of kings and leaders. As for the tribe of Reuben, I think that this chapter includes those who were leaders of the tribe as well. Not much can be learned of these individuals of the children of Reuben, from the Bible, but this chapter teaches me the importance of keeping these records for all people, even if all we have is a name. A single name can connect us to the generations of the past, all the way back to Adam and Eve. I may not become anything great in the grand picture of mankind, but I hope that my name is at least known to my family in the generations to come.

1 Chronicles Chapter 4

A Family Tree

A genealogy of the children of Israel, was started in 1 Chronicles chapter 2, with the sons of Jacob and a focus on the family of Judah. It continued to list this line through the kings of Judah in 1 Chronicles chapter 3. In this chapter, some of the families of Judah are listed, along with Simeon and others. (Note: These verses can seem a bit confusing as to who belongs to whom, and so this is my best understanding of what is recorded.) It begins:

1 The sons of Judah; Pharez, Hezron, and Carmi, and Hur, and Shobal.
2 And Reaiah the son of Shobal begat Jahath; and Jahath begat Ahumai, and Lahad. These are the families of the Zorathites.
3 And these were of the father of Etam; Jezreel, and Ishma, and Idbash: and the name of their sister was Hazelelponi:
4 And Penuel the father of Gedor, and Ezer the father of Hushah. These are the sons of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah (the ancient name for Bethlehem), the father of Beth-lehem.

As written in 1 Chronicles 2, included in the descendants of Judah were Pharez, Hezron, Carmi, Hur, and Shobal. Shobal was the father of Reaiah, the father of Jahath, the father of Ahumai and Lahad. These made up the families of the Zorathites. The children of Etam, which may have been a location, included Jezreel, Ishma, Idbash, and Hazelelponi, his daughter. Penuel was the father of Gedor. Ezer was the father of Hushah. These are the families of Hur, who was the firstborn of Ephratah and the father of Beth-lehem.

5 And Ashur the father of Tekoa had two wives, Helah and Naarah.
6 And Naarah bare him Ahuzam, and Hepher, and Temeni, and Haahashtari. These were the sons of Naarah.
7 And the sons of Helah were, Zereth, and Jezoar, and Ethnan.
8 And Coz begat Anub, and Zobebah, and the families of Aharhel the son of Harum.

Ashur was the father of Tekoa. Ashur had two wives named Helah and Naarah. With Naarah, he became the father of Ahuzam, Hepher, Temeni, and Haahashtari. With Helah, he became the father of Zereth, Jezoar, and Ethnan. Coz was the parent of Anub, Zobebah, and the families of Aharhel, who was the son of Harum.

9 And Jabez was more honourable than his brethren: and his mother called his name Jabez, saying, Because I bare him with sorrow.
10 And Jabez called on the God of Israel, saying, Oh that thou wouldest bless me indeed, and enlarge my coast, and that thine hand might be with me, and that thou wouldest keep me from evil, that it may not grieve me! And God granted him that which he requested.

Jabez was an honourable man, more so than those in his generation, who prayed for blessings from God, that the borders of his land would be enlarged, that he would have the protecting hand of God with him and not against him. God, who had promised this to the children of Israel if they would keep the commandments, blessed him with the things he asked for in prayer.

11 And Chelub the brother of Shuah begat Mehir, which was the father of Eshton.
12 And Eshton begat Beth-rapha, and Paseah, and Tehinnah the father of Ir-nahash. These are the men of Rechah.
13 And the sons of Kenaz; Othniel, and Seraiah: and the sons of Othniel; Hathath.
14 And Meonothai begat Ophrah: and Seraiah begat Joab, the father of the valley of Charashim; for they were craftsmen.
15 And the sons of Caleb the son of Jephunneh; Iru, Elah, and Naam: and the sons of Elah, even Kenaz.
16 And the sons of Jehaleleel; Ziph, and Ziphah, Tiria, and Asareel.
17 And the sons of Ezra were, Jether, and Mered, and Epher, and Jalon: and she bare Miriam, and Shammai, and Ishbah the father of Eshtemoa.
18 And his wife Jehudijah bare Jered the father of Gedor, and Heber the father of Socho, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah. And these are the sons of Bithiah the daughter of Pharaoh, which Mered took.
19 And the sons of his wife Hodiah the sister of Naham, the father of Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maachathite.
20 And the sons of Shimon were, Amnon, and Rinnah, Ben-hanan, and Tilon. And the sons of Ishi were, Zoheth, and Ben-zoheth.

If understanding these verses correctly, than Shuah had a brother named Chelub. He was the father of Mehir, who was the father of Eshton, the father of Beth-rapha, Paseah, and Tehinnah. Tehinnah was the fatherof Ir-nahash. These were the families of Rechah. Kenaz was the father of Othniel and Seraiah. Othniel was the father of Hathath. Meonothai was the father of Ophrah. Seraiah was the father of Joab, who was over the valley of Charashim, where they were craftsmen. Caleb was the son of Jephunneh of Judah. Caleb had been one of the men sent by Moses to spy on the promised land before the Children of Israel entered the land. He and Joshua had returned with a good report and faith to conquer with the Lord’s help, while others gave a report that caused fear and doubt in the Lord. Caleb and Joshua were the only people of their generation, that were allowed to live long enough to enter the promised land. Caleb was given the land of Hebron. He was the father of Iru, Elah, and Naam. Elah was the father of Kenaz. Jehaleleel was the father of Ziph, Ziphah, Tiria, and Asareel. Ezra was the father of Jether, Mered, Epher, and Jalon. Jalon was the mother of Miriam, Shammai, and Ishbah, who was the father of Eshtemoa. Ezra also had a wife named Jehudijah, and they had Jered, the father of Gedor; Heber the father of Socho; and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah. Mered has a wife named Hodiah, the sister of Naham, and they had Keilah the Garmite, and Eshtemoa the Maachathite. Shimon was the father of Amnon, Rinnah, Ben-hanan, and Tilon. Ishi was the father of Zoheth and Ben-zoheth.

21 The sons of Shelah the son of Judah were, Er the father of Lecah, and Laadah the father of Mareshah, and the families of the house of them that wrought fine linen, of the house of Ashbea,
22 And Jokim, and the men of Chozeba, and Joash, and Saraph, who had the dominion in Moab, and Jashubi-lehem. And these are ancient things.
23 These were the potters, and those that dwelt among plants and hedges: there they dwelt with the king for his work.

The sons and families of Judah, were Er, who was the father of Lecah; Laadah, who was the father of Mareshah; those who were makers of fine linens from the house of Ashbea; Jokim; the men of Chozeba; the men of Joash; the men of Saraph, who ruled in Moab; and the men of Jashubi-lehem. These families were potters and those who lived with plants, and were possibly the farmers who lived near the king and served him.

24 The sons of Simeon were, Nemuel, and Jamin, Jarib, Zerah, and Shaul:
25 Shallum his son, Mibsam his son, Mishma his son.
26 And the sons of Mishma; Hamuel his son, Zacchur his son, Shimei his son.
27 And Shimei had sixteen sons and six daughters; but his brethren had not many children, neither did all their family multiply, like to the children of Judah.
28 And they dwelt at Beer-sheba, and Moladah, and Hazar-shual,
29 And at Bilhah, and at Ezem, and at Tolad,
30 And at Bethuel, and at Hormah, and at Ziklag,
31 And at Beth-marcaboth, and Hazar-susim, and at Beth-birei, and at Shaaraim. These were their cities unto the reign of David.
32 And their villages were, Etam, and Ain, Rimmon, and Tochen, and Ashan, five cities:
33 And all their villages that were round about the same cities, unto Baal. These were their habitations, and their genealogy.
34 And Meshobab, and Jamlech, and Joshah the son of Amaziah,
35 And Joel, and Jehu the son of Josibiah, the son of Seraiah, the son of Asiel,
36 And Elioenai, and Jaakobah, and Jeshohaiah, and Asaiah, and Adiel, and Jesimiel, and Benaiah,
37 And Ziza the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah;
38 These mentioned by their names were princes in their families: and the house of their fathers increased greatly.

Then, there were the families of Simeon, the second son of Jacob. His sons were Nemuel (Jemuel) the father of the Nemuelites, Jamin the father of the Jaminites, Jarib (possibly Ohad or Jachin, the father of the Jachinites), Zerah (Zohar) the father of the Zarhites, and Shaul, the son of a woman from Canaan and father of the Shaulites. (see Genesis 46, Exodus 6, and Numbers 26) Shaul was the father of Shallum, Mibsam, and Mishma. Mishma was the father of Humuel, Zacchur, and Shimei. Shimei was the father of sixteen sons and six daughters, while his brothers did not have many children. The family of Simeon did not multiply significantly and were nowhere near the size of the tribe of Judah. The tribe of Simeon lived in Beer-sheba (where Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob had lived), Moladah, Hazar-shual, Bilhah, Ezem, Tolad, Bethuel, Hormah, Ziklag (a city that was transferred from the tribe of Judah), Beth-marcaboth, Hazar-susim, Beth-birei, and Shaaraim. The lived in these placed until the reign of king David. They had five villages or cities: Etam, Ain, Rimmon (also originally of Judah), Tochen, and Ashan. They also had the land around those cities, which belonged to their families.

The princes of Simeon were Meshobab, Jamlech, and Joshah the son of Amaziah. Also, Joel, Jehu the Josibiah, the son of Seraiah, the son of Asiel, Elioenai, Jaakobah, Jeshohaiah, Asaiah, Adiel, Jesimiel, Benaiah, Ziza the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah. It is written to read that Jehu was the son of Josibiah who was the son of Seraiah who was the son of Asiel; and Ziza was the son of Shiphi, the son of Allon, the son of Jedaiah, the son of Shimri, the son of Shemaiah; but both of these lines seem unclear. In any case, these princes increased the house of their fathers greatly.

39 And they went to the entrance of Gedor, even unto the east side of the valley, to seek pasture for their flocks.
40 And they found fat pasture and good, and the land was wide, and quiet, and peaceable; for they of Ham had dwelt there of old.
41 And these written by name came in the days of Hezekiah king of Judah, and smote their tents, and the habitations that were found there, and destroyed them utterly unto this day, and dwelt in their rooms: because there was pasture there for their flocks.
42 And some of them, even of the sons of Simeon, five hundred men, went to mount Seir, having for their captains Pelatiah, and Neariah, and Rephaiah, and Uzziel, the sons of Ishi.
43 And they smote the rest of the Amalekites that were escaped, and dwelt there unto this day.

The families of Simeon went to the entrance of Gedor, at the east side of the valley, in order to find pasture for their flocks. While there, they found good and fat plentiful pasture, where the land was wide and peaceful. It was where Ham had dwelt long before. In the days of Hezekiah of Judah, the families and their homes were destroyed for the pasture. Five hundred of the sons of Simeon, went to mount Seir. Their captains were Pelatiah, Neariah, Rephaiah, Uzziel, who were the sons of Ishi. They destroyed the Amalekites there and made mount Seir their new home.

I love that, almost hidden in this chapter, there is a story of Jabez. It is a little story that shows us once again, that the Lord will keep his word when we are faithful. In Deuteronomy 19:7-9, the Lord gave instruction regarding the cities of refuge, which applies to the increase of the borders of the land. “Wherefore I command thee, saying, Thou shalt separate three cities for thee. And if the Lord thy God enlarge thy coast, as he hath sworn unto thy fathers, and give thee all the land which he promised to give unto thy fathers; If thou shalt keep all these commandments to do them, which I command thee this day, to love the Lord thy God, and to walk ever in his ways; then shalt thou add three cities more for thee, beside these three.” This was a promise of growth and in a sense prosperity, to those who kept the commandments of the Lord. This promise is ours as well, as it has been to all people throughout history. In Mosiah 2, we read the words of King Benjamin to his people. He said, “And behold, all that he requires of you is to keep his commandments; and he has promised you that if ye would keep his commandments ye should prosper in the land; and he never doth vary from that which he hath said; therefore, if ye do keep his commandments he doth bless you and prosper you.” We can follow the example of the honorable men of the scriptures, such as Jabez, by striving to keep the commandments and praying for the blessings of prosperity to be upon us and our families.

1 Chronicles Chapter 3

A Family Tree

A genealogy of a portion of the Israelites was recorded in the book of Chronicles. The first two chapters of 1 Chronicles, covered the family from Adam down to David, King of Israel. This chapter covers the family from the sons of David through the kings being taken captive to Babylon and when they were allowed to return. Mainly it is a record of the kings of the people of Judah. The genealogy continues with the following:

1 Now these were the sons of David, which were born unto him in Hebron; the firstborn Amnon, of Ahinoam the Jezreelitess; the second Daniel, of Abigail the Carmelitess:
2 The third, Absalom the son of Maachah the daughter of Talmai king of Geshur: the fourth, Adonijah the son of Haggith:
3 The fifth, Shephatiah of Abital: the sixth, Ithream by Eglah his wife.
4 These six were born unto him in Hebron; and there he reigned seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years.
5 And these were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shimea, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon, four, of Bath-shua the daughter of Ammiel:
6 Ibhar also, and Elishama, and Eliphelet,
7 And Nogah, and Nepheg, and Japhia,
8 And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphelet, nine.
9 These were all the sons of David, beside the sons of the concubines, and Tamar their sister.

David had several sons. When King David began his reign in Judah, he lived in Hebron. While there he became the father to six sons beginning with Amnon, whose mother was the Jezreelite wife of David, named Ahinoam. Amnon was killed by the servants of his brother, because he took advantage of his sister (see 2 Samuel 13). The next sons were Daniel (Chileab), whose mother was a Carmelite named Abigail (the wife of Nabal, who was an evil man that did wrong to David and was slain by the Lord); and Absalom, whose mother was Maachah, daughter of the king of Geshur, Talmai. Absalom was the son who conspired against David and took over his kingdom in Israel. (See 2 Samuel 15) He was eventually killed for this. (See 2 Samuel 18)

The next son of David was Adonijah, whose mother was Haggith. He had tried to take the kingdom for himself, before David had announced his successor, but failed. When his brother, Solomon, became king, he tried to gain from it because he would have been next in line for the throne. He used Bathsheba (see below) to ask to be given one of David’s wives. Solomon saw through his tricks and Adonijah was put to death for his attempts. (See 1 Kings 1 and 2)

David’s next son was Shephatiah, whose mother was Abita, and then Ithream, whose mother was the wife of David, Eglah. After David had reigned for seven and a half years in Hebron, he began to rule in Jerusalem. While there, he became the father to four sons, including Shimea (Shammua), Shobab, Nathan (the ancestor of Joseph, as in Mary and Joseph), and Solomon, whose mother was Bath-shua (Bathsheba), the daughter of Ammiel (Eliam) and wife of Uriah (Urias) Solomon was a righteous leader and was blessed with great wisdom and understanding. He was also given the duty to build the temple in Jerusalem. (see 2 Samuel 11:3, 1 Kings 3, 6, and Matthew 1:6). David also fathered nine other sons named Ibhar, Elishama (Elishua), Eliphelet (Elpalet), Nogah, Nepheg, Japhia, Elishama, Eliada (Beeliada), and Eliphelet. There were other sons born by his concubines and he had a daughter, named Tamar. Tamar was the sister of Absalom, who was taken advantage of and shamed by Amnon (see above). (See also 1 Samuel 25, 2 Samuel 3, 5, and 1 Chronicles 14)

10 And Solomon’s son was Rehoboam, Abia his son, Asa his son, Jehoshaphat his son,
11 Joram his son, Ahaziah his son, Joash his son,
12 Amaziah his son, Azariah his son, Jotham his son,
13 Ahaz his son, Hezekiah his son, Manasseh his son,
14 Amon his son, Josiah his son.
15 And the sons of Josiah were, the firstborn Johanan, the second Jehoiakim, the third Zedekiah, the fourth Shallum.
16 And the sons of Jehoiakim: Jeconiah his son, Zedekiah his son.

Solomon, the son of David and Bathsheba, and successor of the kingdom, had hundreds of wives and concubines in his life. He specifically was the father of Rehoboam (Roboam), whose mother was Naamah. Rehoboam was king of Israel, when ten of the tribes of Israel revolted and the kingdom was divided. Rehoboam was then the king of Judah. Rehoboam was the father of Abia (along with 27 other sons and 60 daughters), and Abia was the father of Asa. Asa, son of Maachah, was the third king of Judah, and he reigned in righteousness. Asa was the father of Jehoshaphat (Josaphat). Jehoshaphat also ruled in righteousness.

Jehosphat was the father of Joram (Jehoram). Joram married the daughter of Ahab, king of Israel, which led him to ruling in wickedness. He was cursed for his wicked leadership. He was the father of Ahaziah (also called Azariah and Jehoahaz). Ahaziah was the son of Athaliah, the daughter of Omri, king of Israel. Ahaziah ruled in wickedness. He made league with Joram, king of Israel, and because of it he was killed by Jehu, a man who conspired against the king of Isreal. His mother, Athaliah, destroyed all the royal seed, except for Joash, who was hidden until he was seven years old. Joash, the only remaining son of Ahaziah, and son of Zibiah of Beer-sheba, became the king at seven. He ruled in righteousness, doing things like repairing the temple. His servants conspired against him and killed him.

Joash was the father of Amaziah, son of Jehoaddan of Jerusalem. Amaziah became king when he was twenty-five. He ruled in righteousness for 29 years. He destroyed those who went against his father. Later he was overcome by the king of Israel. His people conspired against him, he fled and was killed. Amaziah was the father of Azariah (Uzziah, also called Ozias, according to the Bible Dictionary), son of Jecholiah of Jerusalem. The people made him the king when he was sixteen. In his 52-year reign, he ruled in righteousness and prospered. However, pride led him to transgress in the temple and he was cursed to become a leper. Then his son, Jotham (Joatham), took over the reign of king. (Side note: Isaiah, Amos, and Hosea lived at the time of Uzziah, as well as his posterity through Hezekiah) Jotham was the son of Jerusha, the daughter of Zadok. He ruled in righteousness. (Side note: Michah lived at the time of Jotham, as well as his posterity through Hezekiah)

Jotham was the father of Ahaz (Achaz). Ahaz did not rule in righteousness, but did great wickedness such as sacrificing his own son to heathen gods. He defiled the temple of the Lord. Ahaz was the father of Hezekiah (Ezekias), son of Abi, the daughter of Zachariah. He ruled in righteousness, to the point of removing all the high places where idolatry was practiced. He was known for trusting in the Lord, keeping the commandments, and helping Judah to be free from serving other nations for several years. Moreover, the people of Judah trusted King Hezekiah. He sought the word of the Lord from the prophet, Isaiah. When Hezekiah prayed for help in the temple, the Lord blessed him with a promise that his enemy would not attack Jerusalem. Hezekiah was also blessed to live when he was deathly ill. Hezekiah was the father of Manasseh (Manasses), son of Hephzi-bah. He ruled in wickedness and undid the work of his father to remove idolatry from the land. He sacrificed his own sons to heathen gods and defiled the House of the Lord. He was among the most wicked leaders of the people of Judah, if not the worst, and caused that a great curse was placed upon his people, which would bring their destruction.

The son of Manasseh was Amon, who was the son of Meshullemeth, the daughter of Haruz of Jotbah. He followed after his father and ruled in wickedness until his servants conspired against him and killed him. His son, Josiah (Josias), was made king by the people. He was the son of Jedidah, the daughter of Adaiah of Boscath. He ruled in righteousness and studied the law of Moses. He was promised to live in peace, but the curse of Manasseh would remain. He read the law to the people and made covenants with the Lord. He destroyed all things related to idolatry and reinstituted the passover. He was killed by the king of Egypt. He was the father of Johanan (possibly Jehoahaz), Jehoiakim (Eliakim), Zedekiah (Mattaniah), and Shallum. Jehoahaz was made king when Josiah died. Jehoahaz was the son of Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah. He was wicked and only ruled for 3 months, when the king of Egypt captured him and caused Jerusalem to pay tribute. Jehoahaz died in captivity. Pharaoh made Jehoiakim the next king in Jerusalem. Jehoiakim was the son of Zebudah, the daughter of Pedaiah of Rumah. He did not rule in righteousness. He became a servant to Babylon, rebelled against them after three years of being in bondage to them. Several nations came against him, as fulfillment of the curse against them. He killed prophets, such as Urijah, who spoke against Jerusalem. It was prophesied that Babylon would come against him and that his seed would not rule in Jerusalem. He was carried away captive by Nebuchadnezzar. (Side note: Jehoiakim lived at the time of the prophet Jeremiah.)

Jehoiakim was the father of Jeconiah (Jehoiachin, Coniah, Joachin, Jechonias) and Zedekiah. Jeconiah was the son of Nehushta, the daughter of Elnathan of Jerusalem. He ruled in Judah and was an evil king (though he was mentioned as being 8 when he became king), who was taken captive to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar. (37 years after his captivity, he was raised as a king in Babylon) When he was taken captive, his uncle (according to 2 Kings 24, or brother, acccording to 2 Chronicles 36), Zedekiah, was made king by Nebuchadnezzar. His mother was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah. Zedekiah was the last king of Judah and he did not rule in righteousness. (Side note: Zedekiah lived at the time of Jeremiah. He was the king, when Lehi and his family left Jerusalem.) He rebelled against Babylon. Jerusalem was besieged and eventually Zedekiah was taken captive to Babylon. (See also 1 Kings 11, 12, 14, 15, 22, 2 Kings 8, 9, 11, 12, 14, 15, 16, 18, 19, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 2 Chronicles 21, 22, 24, 26, 27, 28, Jeremiah 22, 26, 36, and Matthew 1)

17 And the sons of Jeconiah; Assir, Salathiel his son,
18 Malchiram also, and Pedaiah, and Shenazar, Jecamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah.
19 And the sons of Pedaiah were, Zerubbabel, and Shimei: and the sons of Zerubbabel; Meshullam, and Hananiah, and Shelomith their sister:
20 And Hashubah, and Ohel, and Berechiah, and Hasadiah, Jushab-hesed, five.
21 And the sons of Hananiah; Pelatiah, and Jesaiah: the sons of Rephaiah, the sons of Arnan, the sons of Obadiah, the sons of Shechaniah.
22 And the sons of Shechaniah; Shemaiah: and the sons of Shemaiah; Hattush, and Igeal, and Bariah, and Neariah, and Shaphat, six.
23 And the sons of Neariah; Elioenai, and Hezekiah, and Azrikam, three.
24 And the sons of Elioenai were, Hodaiah, and Eliashib, and Pelaiah, and Akkub, and Johanan, and Dalaiah, and Anani, seven.

Jeconiah, the captive king of Judah, was the father of Assir, Salathiel, Malchiram, Pedaiah, Shenazar, Jecamiah, Hoshama, and Nedabiah. Pedaiah was the father of Zerubbabel (Zorobabel or Sheshbazzar) and Shimei. In the footnote to verse 19, it reads, “According to these verses, Zerubbabel was the grandson of Jeconiah through Pedaiah; elsewhere he is called the son of Shealtiel.” (Salathiel) (See Ezra 3:2, Ezra 5:2, Haggai 1:1, and Matthew 1:12) Zerubbabel was the appointed leader (governor) when Cyrus allowed the people of Judah to return. In his leadership, he did things such as rebuild the temple.

Zerubbabel was the father of Meshullam, Hananiah, and a daughter named Shelomith. He was also the father of five sons named Hashubah, Ohel, Berechiah, Hasadiah, and Jushab-hesed. Hananiah, son of Zerubbabel, was the father of Pelatiah and Jesaiah. He was also the patriarch of the sons of Rephaiah, the sons of Arnan, the sons of Obadiah, and the sons of Shechaniah. Shechaniah was the father of six sons named Shemaiah (who helped Nehemiah to build east gate of Jeruselem), Hattush, Igeal, Bariah, Neariah, and Shaphat. Neariah was the father of three sons named Elioenai, Hezekiah and Azrikam. Elioenai was the father of seven sons named Hodaiah, Eliashib, Pelaiah, Akkub, Johanan, Dalaiah, and Anani.

At least one record of my own family is recorded to include, “Salomao de Israel” (Solomon), “Roboao de Juda” (Rehoboam), “Abias de Juda” (Abia), “Asa de Juda”, “Jeosafa de Juda” (Jehoshaphat), “Jorao de Juda” (Joram), “Ocozias de Juda” (Ahaziah), “Joas de Juda” (Joash), “Amasias Rei de Juda” (Amaziah), “Uzias de Juda” (Azariah), “Jotao Rei de Juda” (Jotham), “Acaz Rei de Juda” (Ahaz), “Ezequias Rei de Juda” (Hezekiah), “Manassah 14th king of Judah” (Manasseh), Amon, “Josiah o Jose Rey de Judah” (Josiah), “Jehoikin Eliaquim o Joaqim” (Jehoiakim), “Joaquín de Judá o Jeconíah primer Exilarca en Babilonia” (Jeconiah), “King Shealtiel” (Salathiel), “(Pedaiah) ben Neri” (Pedaiah), and then to “Esli Zerubbabel” (Zerubbabel). My line returns to Jerusalem with “Naum Abiud ben Zerubbabel Ha David” (Abuid as in Matthew 1:13), “Amos Eliakim … ben Abiud” (Eliakim), and here is where I no longer have my line following that in the scriptures. It instead continues on in Jerusalem through the time of Christ, until it eventually breaks off to my ancestors from Wales in about 85 AD, when the Romans began to rule there. This, of course, makes a study of the individuals in this chapter seem more interesting and personal to me.

I am grateful for the records of genealogy included in the scriptures. I know that they have purpose and are of great value. Many of these men will be brought up again as my study of the Old Testament continues, and I am glad to have taken this time to make connections in my own personal understanding, so that the stories of their lives can have a place in my heart.

1 Chronicles Chapter 1

A Family Tree

The books of Chronicles are a record of the history from the creation of man to the time when the Jews were allowed to return to the promised land. Much of what is included is another record of things that had already been included in the earlier books of the Old Testament. In that way, they are a second witness of the events recorded. This first chapter follows the pattern of records of ancient times, in that the people often began records with a genealogy of the families. One may wonder why this is. There is no given answer for this, so far as I can tell, but it is a testimony to the importance of maintaining a record of our own genealogies. Personally, I believe that these records are a part of the work of the Lord. With these records, people today can connect themselves directly to our first parents, Adam and Eve, and therefore to all who have ever lived on this earth. This is a wonder and a blessing to all mankind.

The list found in this chapter, really is simply a list of names broken into families. It does not contain all the children of the earth, and only contains the sons born. With that, only some sons are listed here, which shows that not all records were passed down in the same way. The names listed were possibly those who had lineage to those keeping the records generations later. There are likely other records that have been made, which record different genealogies leading back to father Adam.

1 Adam, Sheth, Enosh,
2 Kenan, Mahalaleel, Jered,
3 Henoch, Methuselah, Lamech,
4 Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

This book begins with Adam, who was the first man on earth and the father of all men, but in his lifetime, he was the father of Sheth (Seth*), who is recorded here. Sheth was the father of Enosh (Enos) and Enosh was the father of Kenan (Cainan). Both Seth and Enos were good men who followed after Adam, were ordained to the priesthood, and taught the people during difficult times of evil and war. Kenan, which the land of Canaan was named after, was the father of Mahalaleel, Mahalaleel (Maleleel) was the father of Jered (Jared) and Jered was the father of Henoch (Enoch). Jered had been a good father to Henoch and taught him “all the ways of God”. This lead Henoch to becoming a good ruler, who taught his people and led them to righteousness and the reward of his city being lifted up and translated by God. Henoch was the father of Methuselah (Mathusala) and Methusaleh, who was left when the city was taken to fulfill prophecy, was the father of Lamech. Lamech was the father of Noah (Noe). Noah was called to be a prophet to the people of the world, who were living in wickedness, to call them to repentance and warn them of the coming destruction. Noah was the father of Shem (Sem), Ham, and Japheth. Noah and his sons were called the sons of God, because they lived according to the word of God. They, along with their father, were delivered from the flood. (See also Genesis 5, Luke 3, Hebrews 11:5, Doctrine and Covenants 107, and Moses 6) These are the patriarchs known from before the flood, and the line directly to Adam for all who have been born since the flood.

5 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.
6 And the sons of Gomer; Ashchenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.
7 And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.

Each of the three sons of Noah are listed with their sons. Japheth, who was actually the oldest of the three sons, was the father of Gomer, Magog, Madai, Javan, Tubal, Meshech, and Tiras. Gomer was then the father of Ashchenaz (Ashkenaz), Riphath, and Togarmah, While Javan was the father of what is believed to be the greek nations. His sons were Elishah, Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim. (See also Genesis 10) These are the patriarchs of the gentile nations (modern day Europe and Asia).

8 The sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, Put, and Canaan.
9 And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabta, and Raamah, and Sabtecha. And the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan.
10 And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be mighty upon the earth.
11 And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,
12 And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (of whom came the Philistines,) and Caphthorim.
13 And Canaan begat Zidon his firstborn, and Heth,
14 The Jebusite also, and the Amorite, and the Girgashite,
15 And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite,
16 And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite.

The second son of Noah was Ham. After the flood, he was cursed for disrespecting his father. His descendants were those of the southern nations, such as Africa, specifically Egypt, and the orginal inhabitants of Canaan. He was the father of Cush, Mizraim, Put (Phut), and Canaan. The sons of Cush who lived in upper Egypt, were Seba, Havialh, Sabta (Sabtah), Raamah, and Sabtecha. The sons of Raamah were Sheba and Dedan. Cush was also the father of Nimrod, who was a mighty hunter and the ruler and builder many cities, such as Babel and Nineveh. Ham’s son Mizraim was the father of lower Egypt. His sons were Ludim, Anamim, Lehabim, Naphtuhim, Pathrusim, Casluhim (father of the Philistine nation), and Caphthorim. The last son of Ham, Canaan, was the father of Zidon (Sidon), Heth (father of the Hittites), the Jebusite (ancient Jerusalem), Amorite, Girgashite (Girgasite), Hivite, Arkite, Sinite, Arvadite, Zemarite, and Hamathite. The children of Canaan were known as the Canaanites. (See also Genesis 10)

17 The sons of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram, and Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Meshech.
18 And Arphaxad begat Shelah, and Shelah begat Eber.
19 And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of the one was Peleg; because in his days the earth was divided: and his brother’s name was Joktan.
20 And Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah,
21 Hadoram also, and Uzal, and Diklah,
22 And Ebal, and Abimael, and Sheba,
23 And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab. All these were the sons of Joktan.

Shem, the final son of Noah listed here, is believed to be the father of the semetic races, which included the Hebrews, Syrians, Babylonians and Assyrians. He was the great high priest“, and was the father of Elam, Asshur, Arphaxad, Lud, and Aram (father of the Syrians, possibly). Then, Uz, Hul, Gether, and Meshech (Mash), which may have been the children of Aram according to Genesis 10. Shem’s third son, Arphaxad, was the father of Shelah (Salah/Sala), who was the father of Eber (Heber). (In Luke 3, it says that Sala was the son of Cainan, who was the son of Arphaxad.) Eber’s line were known as the children of Eber and among that line were the Hebrews. This line started with his sons, Peleg (Phalec) and Joktan. Peleg was called such, because he lived at the time when the continents were divided. Joktan was the father of Almodad, Sheleph, Hazarmaveth, Jerah, Hadoram, Uzal, Diklah, Ebal (Obal), Abimael, Sheba, Ophir, Havilah, and Jobab. The children of Joktan were from the south of Arabia. (See also Genesis 10, Genesis 11, and Luke 3)

24 Shem, Arphaxad, Shelah,
25 Eber, Peleg, Reu,
26 Serug, Nahor, Terah,
27 Abram; the same is Abraham.
28 The sons of Abraham; Isaac, and Ishmael.

Peleg, great-great grandson of Shem, was the father Reu (Ragau). Reu was the father of Serug (Saruch), Serug was the father of Nahor (Nachor), Nahor was the father of Terah, and Terah (Thara) was the father of Abram, who became known as Abraham. He was regarded as the father of the covenant people of God. Abraham was the father of Isaac (the child of promise) and Ishmael. (see also Genesis 11, Genesis 16, Genesis 21, and Luke 3)

29 These are their generations: The firstborn of Ishmael, Nebaioth; then Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam,
30 Mishma, and Dumah, Massa, Hadad, and Tema,
31 Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. These are the sons of Ishmael.

Ishmael, who was Abraham’s firstborn, but not of Abraham’s first wife, was the father of the Ishmaelites, who were nomadic. Ishmael was the father of Nebaioth (Nebajoth), Kedar, Adbeel, Mibsam, Mishma, Dumah, Massa, Hadad (Hadar), Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah. These sons became princes of 12 nations. (see also Genesis 25)

32 Now the sons of Keturah, Abraham’s concubine: she bare Zimran, and Jokshan, and Medan, and Midian, and Ishbak, and Shuah. And the sons of Jokshan; Sheba, and Dedan.
33 And the sons of Midian; Ephah, and Epher, and Henoch, and Abida, and Eldaah. All these are the sons of Keturah.
34 And Abraham begat Isaac. The sons of Isaac; Esau and Israel.

Abraham’s first wife died and he later married again. His other sons were Zimran, Jokshan, Medan, Midian, Ishbak, and Shuah. Abraham’s son, Jokshan, was the father of Sheba and Dedan. Another of his sons, Midian, was the father of Ephah, Epher, Henoch (Hanoch), Abida, and Eldaah. Abraham’s son Isaac, was the father of twins named Esau and Israel, who was actually given the name of Jacob at birth. Israel became the father of the Israelite nation. (see also Genesis 25)

35 The sons of Esau; Eliphaz, Reuel, and Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah.
36 The sons of Eliphaz; Teman, and Omar, Zephi, and Gatam, Kenaz, and Timna, and Amalek.
37 The sons of Reuel; Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah.
38 And the sons of Seir; Lotan, and Shobal, and Zibeon, and Anah, and Dishon, and Ezer, and Dishan.
39 And the sons of Lotan; Hori, and Homam: and Timna was Lotan’s sister.
40 The sons of Shobal; Alian, and Manahath, and Ebal, Shephi, and Onam. And the sons of Zibeon; Aiah, and Anah.
41 The sons of Anah; Dishon. And the sons of Dishon; Amram, and Eshban, and Ithran, and Cheran.
42 The sons of Ezer; Bilhan, and Zavan, and Jakan. The sons of Dishan; Uz, and Aran.

Abraham’s older son, Esau (known also as Edom, for asking food of Jacob and then selling his birthright for that food), was the father of the Edomites located in Mount Seir. His sons were Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jaalam, and Korah. Jeush, Jaalam and Korah became chiefs. Eliphaz was the father of Teman, Omar, Zephi (Zepho), Gatam, Kenaz, (Timna is listed here, but this was the name for the concubine of Eliphaz) and Amalek. Teman, Omar, Zephi, Kenaz, Gatam and Amalek became chiefs. Reuel, son of Esau, was the father of Nahath, Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah. All four became chiefs in the land of Edom.

Seir, who was a Horite living in the land of Edom, was the father of Lotan, Shobal, Zibeon, Anah, Dishon, Ezer, and Dishan. The were all chiefs of the children of Seir. Timna was the sister of Lotan. Lotan was the father of Hori, and Homam (Hemam). Shobal was the father of Alian (Alvan), Manahath, Ebal, Shephi (Shepho), and Onam. Zibeon was the father of Aiah (Ajah) and Anah. Anah, son of Seir, was the father of Dishon. Dishon, son of Seir, was the father of Amram (Hemdan), Eshban, Ithran, and Cheran. Ezer was the father of Bilhan, Zavan (Zaavan) and Jakan (Akan). Dishan, son of Seir, was the father of Uz and Aran. (See also Genesis 36)

43 Now these are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom before any king reigned over the children of Israel; Bela the son of Beor: and the name of his city was Dinhabah.
44 And when Bela was dead, Jobab the son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his stead.
45 And when Jobab was dead, Husham of the land of the Temanites reigned in his stead.
46 And when Husham was dead, Hadad the son of Bedad, which smote Midian in the field of Moab, reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Avith.
47 And when Hadad was dead, Samlah of Masrekah reigned in his stead.
48 And when Samlah was dead, Shaul of Rehoboth by the river reigned in his stead.
49 And when Shaul was dead, Baal-hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his stead.
50 And when Baal-hanan was dead, Hadad reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Pai; and his wife’s name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab.

There were rulers in the land before it became the land of the Edomites. The list of the kings was Bela of Dinhabah, Jobab, Husham, Hadad of Avith, Samlah of Masrekah, Shaul of Rehoboth, Baal-hanan, Hadad (Hadar) of Pai (Pau). Hadad of Avith, was known for smiting the Midians in Moab. (See also Genesis 36)

51 Hadad died also. And the dukes of Edom were; duke Timnah, duke Aliah, duke Jetheth,
52 Duke Aholibamah, duke Elah, duke Pinon,
53 Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar,
54 Duke Magdiel, duke Iram. These are the dukes of Edom.

The chiefs of Edom were Timnah, Aliah (Alvah), Jetheth, Aholibamah, Elah, Pinon, Kenaz, Teman, Mibzar, Magdiel, and Iram. (See also Genesis 36)

(Note: Names found in parenthesis are variations found in other books of the bible.)

Genealogy is the record that ties all people on the earth to one another. It shows that we are all family no matter what race or religion we are today. There are multiple records combined in the bible, which witness to the same heritage of the Israelite people. This book of Chronicles is a record of certain things that happened with the generations of Israel.

I have always had an interest in my own family line, and recently have followed a few lines back to Adam. Chapters like this in the scriptures, hold more personal meaning to me now, because I can see names of those who are likely my ancestors. So, if all the information that has been collected is correct, I am related to the Israelite people on at least two lines and specifically those who lived in Jerusalem during the times that the record will cover. Related to this first chapter of Chronicles, my genealogy shows I am related Israel, Isaac, and Abraham. Then back through Shem to Noah and on from there. I imagine that someday when all things are revealed and our knowledge is made sure, I will have a greater love for my ancient ancestors because I have come to know them through studying the scriptures.

Exodus Chapter 6

At this point, Moses and Aaron have gone to Pharaoh as they were commanded by God. They asked him to allow the Israelites to go free so that they could worship God. Pharaoh denied this request, just as the Lord told Moses he would do. In addition, he added heavier burdens to the children of Israel because of this request. The book of Exodus continues as follows:

1 Then the Lord said unto Moses, Now shalt thou see what I will do to Pharaoh: for with a strong hand shall he let them go, and with a strong hand shall he drive them out of his land.
2 And God spake unto Moses, and said unto him, I am the Lord:
3 And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of God Almighty, but by my name JEHOVAH was I not known to them.
4 And I have also established my covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their pilgrimage, wherein they were strangers.
5 And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage; and I have remembered my covenant.
6 Wherefore say unto the children of Israel, I am the Lord, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I will redeem you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgments:
7 And I will take you to me for a people, and I will be to you a God: and ye shall know that I am the Lord your God, which bringeth you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians.
8 And I will bring you in unto the land, concerning the which I did swear to give it to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob; and I will give it you for an heritage: I am the Lord.

Jesus-Portrait

The Lord told Moses what he would see what the Lord would do to Pharaoh now that he had denied them their freedom to worship. The things that were to come, were known to the Lord. He knew that Pharaoh would not initially let them go, but that because of the work of God, Pharaoh would drive them out of his land. The Lord told Moses that he was Jehovah, and he had been the one who had appeared to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob. I think this is the first written indication that Jesus the Christ, was the God of the old testament. It seems that He was assuring Moses that he was the same God who his ancestors knew and worshipped. He was the same God, who blessed them and made sacred covenants with them. The Lord told Moses to tell the people that he would deliver them from the bondage of the Egyptians, redeem them, be their God, and lead them to the land of their inheritance.

9 And Moses spake so unto the children of Israel: but they hearkened not unto Moses for anguish of spirit, and for cruel bondage.
10 And the Lord spake unto Moses, saying,
11 Go in, speak unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, that he let the children of Israel go out of his land.
12 And Moses spake before the Lord, saying, Behold, the children of Israel have not hearkened unto me; how then shall Pharaoh hear me, who am of uncircumcised lips?
13 And the Lord spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, and gave them a charge unto the children of Israel, and unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt.

Moses went and did as he was told, but the people would not listen because of the hardships of their life under Egyptian rule. Moses was commanded again to tell Pharaoh to let the children of Israel go free. Moses questioned Pharaoh listening to him since even the covenant people would not listen to him and he still felt he was not very good at speaking. Moses and Aaron were given the responsibility from God, to be over His people and to bring them out of the land of Egypt. I don’t think this meant a charge as a ruler, but rather as one with a calling as a leader to the people. They were to be their priesthood leaders with authority from God to guide them out of bondage.

A Family Tree

A Family Tree

14 These be the heads of their fathers’ houses: The sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel; Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi: these be the families of Reuben.
15 And the sons of Simeon; Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman: these are the families of Simeon.
16 And these are the names of the sons of Levi according to their generations; Gershon, and Kohath, and Merari: and the years of the life of Levi were an hundred thirty and seven years.
17 The sons of Gershon; Libni, and Shimi, according to their families.
18 And the sons of Kohath; Amram, and Izhar, and Hebron, and Uzziel: and the years of the life of Kohath were an hundred thirty and three years.
19 And the sons of Merari; Mahali and Mushi: these are the families of Levi according to their generations.
20 And Amram took him Jochebed his father’s sister to wife; and she bare him Aaron and Moses: and the years of the life of Amram were an hundred and thirty and seven years.
21 And the sons of Izhar; Korah, and Nepheg, and Zichri.
22 And the sons of Uzziel; Mishael, and Elzaphan, and Zithri.
23 And Aaron took him Elisheba, daughter of Amminadab, sister of Naashon, to wife; and she bare him Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar.
24 And the sons of Korah; Assir, and Elkanah, and Abiasaph: these are the families of the Korhites.
25 And Eleazar Aaron’s son took him one of the daughters of Putiel to wife; and she bare him Phinehas: these are the heads of the fathers of the Levites according to their families.
26 These are that Aaron and Moses, to whom the Lord said, Bring out the children of Israel from the land of Egypt according to their armies.
27 These are they which spake to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring out the children of Israel from Egypt: these are that Moses and Aaron.

Here we learn more of the genealogy of the children of Israel, and specifically how it relates to Moses and Aaron. The listed names were the children of Rueben, Simeon and Levi. These were the people that Moses and Aaron were given charge over. I think it was important that the Children of Israel know that their priesthood leaders were direct descendants of Levi, Jacob, Isaac, and Abraham and therefore acceptable men to be their religious leaders.

28 And it came to pass on the day when the Lord spake unto Moses in the land of Egypt,
29 That the Lord spake unto Moses, saying, I am the Lord: speak thou unto Pharaoh king of Egypt all that I say unto thee.
30 And Moses said before the Lord, Behold, I am of uncircumcised lips, and how shall Pharaoh hearken unto me?

Moses was commanded to speak as he was inspired by the Lord. Moses continued to question his ability to get Pharaoh to listen to him and do what he was asking. The Joseph Smith Translation in verse 30, goes back to Moses wondering what he could do since he was slow of speech. Moses lacked the confidence he felt that a man of his calling should have. This is another example which shows God chooses the weak and humble things of the world, to do that which is great and mighty. I am sure that knowing he was a direct descendant of Abraham, gave Moses some hope in being able to do the things that God asked of him. The examples of my ancestors have given me strength to know that even though I am no one of any significance, I can follow the inspiration that God has given me and do things that require faith and courage.

This chapter is a great reminder that keeping our family histories, especially journals, will help our posterity to have the faith they will need in times of trials and difficulties. I am so glad to have stories of my ancestors to help me find strength in this life. I hope that some day, the things I write will be a source of strength and comfort to those who come after me.

Genesis Chapter 36

Abraham and Isaac have both passed away at this point in the book of Genesis. They were both promised great blessings through their posterity if they lived faithful to the Lord, which they did. Among their descendants, who would branch out and eventually cover the earth, is Esau and his family.

A Family Tree

Genesis continues:

1 Now these are the generations of Esau, who is Edom.
2 Esau took his wives of the daughters of Canaan; Adah the daughter of Elon the Hittite, and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon the Hivite;
3 And Bashemath Ishmael’s daughter, sister of Nebajoth.
4 And Adah bare to Esau Eliphaz; and Bashemath bare Reuel;
5 And Aholibamah bare Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah: these are the sons of Esau, which were born unto him in the land of Canaan.
6 And Esau took his wives, and his sons, and his daughters, and all the persons of his house, and his cattle, and all his beasts, and all his substance, which he had got in the land of Canaan; and went into the country from the face of his brother Jacob.
7 For their riches were more than that they might dwell together; and the land wherein they were strangers could not bear them because of their cattle.
8 Thus dwelt Esau in mount Seir: Esau is Edom.

Esau, who lives in the land of Edom within Canaan, has many children of Canaanite blood. We learn in earlier scripture (Genesis 25), that Esau was called Edom, and this was his land. Those who lived here were called Edomites. His wives were Adah (a Hittite), Aholibamah (a Hivite), Bashemath (granddaughter of Abraham). Their children are Esau Eliphaz, Reuel, Jeush, Jaalam, and Korah. He moved with his family to mount Seir because they needed more space then they had sharing with his brother Jacob.

9 And these are the generations of Esau the father of the Edomites in mount Seir:
10 These are the names of Esau’s sons; Eliphaz the son of Adah the wife of Esau, Reuel the son of Bashemath the wife of Esau.
11 And the sons of Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, and Gatam, and Kenaz.
12 And Timna was concubine to Eliphaz Esau’s son; and she bare to Eliphaz Amalek: these were the sons of Adah Esau’s wife.
13 And these are the sons of Reuel; Nahath, and Zerah, Shammah, and Mizzah: these were the sons of Bashemath Esau’s wife.
14 And these were the sons of Aholibamah, the daughter of Anah the daughter of Zibeon, Esau’s wife: and she bare to Esau Jeush, and Jaalam, and Korah.
15 These were dukes of the sons of Esau: the sons of Eliphaz the firstborn son of Esau; duke Teman, duke Omar, duke Zepho, duke Kenaz,
16 Duke Korah, duke Gatam, and duke Amalek: these are the dukes that came of Eliphaz in the land of Edom; these were the sons of Adah.
17 And these are the sons of Reuel Esau’s son; duke Nahath, duke Zerah, duke Shammah, duke Mizzah: these are the dukes that came of Reuel in the land of Edom; these are the sons of Bashemath Esau’s wife.

Esau’s grandchildren through his son Esau Eliphaz were Teman, Omar, Zepho, Gatam, and Kenaz. Esau’s grandchildren through his son Reuel were Eliphaz Amalek, Nahath, Zerah, Shammah and Mizzah. All of these are listed as dukes or having dukes. Duke Korah is also listed with these. In the footnotes, the word dukes means tribal chiefs. So, my understanding is that the grandsons of Esau, were the chiefs or leaders of the land where the Edomites lived.

18 And these are the sons of Aholibamah Esau’s wife; duke Jeush, duke Jaalam, duke Korah: these were the dukes that came of Aholibamah the daughter of Anah, Esau’s wife.
19 These are the sons of Esau, who is Edom, and these are their dukes.

Esau’s sons Jeush, Jaalam, and Korah are listed as dukes or as having dukes, and again I think that this means that his sons had been the leaders in the land as well.

20 These are the sons of Seir the Horite, who inhabited the land; Lotan, and Shobal, and Zibeon, and Anah,
21 And Dishon, and Ezer, and Dishan: these are the dukes of the Horites, the children of Seir in the land of Edom.
22 And the children of Lotan were Hori and Hemam; and Lotan’s sister was Timna.
23 And the children of Shobal were these; Alvan, and Manahath, and Ebal, Shepho, and Onam.
24 And these are the children of Zibeon; both Ajah, and Anah: this was that Anah that found the mules in the wilderness, as he fed the asses of Zibeon his father.
25 And the children of Anah were these; Dishon, and Aholibamah the daughter of Anah.
26 And these are the children of Dishon; Hemdan, and Eshban, and Ithran, and Cheran.
27 The children of Ezer are these; Bilhan, and Zaavan, and Akan.
28 The children of Dishan are these; Uz, and Aran.
29 These are the dukes that came of the Horites; duke Lotan, duke Shobal, duke Zibeon, duke Anah,
30 Duke Dishon, duke Ezer, duke Dishan: these are the dukes that came of Hori, among their dukes in the land of Seir.

In the land of mount Seir was a man named Seir with his children and dukes or tribal leaders.

31 And these are the kings that reigned in the land of Edom, before there reigned any king over the children of Israel.
32 And Bela the son of Beor reigned in Edom: and the name of his city was Dinhabah.
33 And Bela died, and Jobab the son of Zerah of Bozrah reigned in his stead.
34 And Jobab died, and Husham of the land of Temani reigned in his stead.
35 And Husham died, and Hadad the son of Bedad, who smote Midian in the field of Moab, reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Avith.
36 And Hadad died, and Samlah of Masrekah reigned in his stead.
37 And Samlah died, and Saul of Rehoboth by the river reigned in his stead.
38 And Saul died, and Baal-hanan the son of Achbor reigned in his stead.
39 And Baal-hanan the son of Achbor died, and Hadar reigned in his stead: and the name of his city was Pau; and his wife’s name was Mehetabel, the daughter of Matred, the daughter of Mezahab.
40 And these are the names of the dukes that came of Esau, according to their families, after their places, by their names; duke Timnah, duke Alvah, duke Jetheth,
41 Duke Aholibamah, duke Elah, duke Pinon,
42 Duke Kenaz, duke Teman, duke Mibzar,
43 Duke Magdiel, duke Iram: these be the dukes of Edom, according to their habitations in the land of their possession: he is Esau the father of the Edomites.

This is a list of the kings of Dinhabah, Avith, and Pau. And all this was related by family line and location, to Esau, the son of Isaac.

This chapter may seem a bit confusing, because it seems to be confusing to me, but I think that I understand it better now. Really, this is another list genealogy, which should help us to understand the roles of some of these people later on in the scriptures. This to me, is a record of the fulfillment of some of the promises given to Abraham and Isaac. Here is a nation being developed with Esau at its head, he being the son of Isaac. This is where kings and leaders can begin to be found in their family lines. Part of the promises given to them by the Lord, was that they would be the fathers of great nations and kings. This chapter builds a foundation of knowledge as to were the Edomites came from, which I believe we read of later in the Bible.

Genesis Chapter 11

Noah and his family spread across nations of the earth. This chapter begins:

1 And the whole earth was of one language, and of one speech.
2 And it came to pass, as they journeyed from the east, that they found a plain in the land of Shinar; and they dwelt there.
3 And they said one to another, Go to, let us make brick, and burn them throughly. And they had brick for stone, and slime had they for morter.
4 And they said, Go to, let us build us a city and a tower, whose top may reach unto heaven; and let us make us a name, lest we be scattered abroad upon the face of the whole earth.
5 And the Lord came down to see the city and the tower, which the children of men builded.
6 And the Lord said, Behold, the people is one, and they have all one language; and this they begin to do: and now nothing will be restrained from them, which they have imagined to do.
7 Go to, let us go down, and there confound their language, that they may not understand one another’s speech.
8 So the Lord scattered them abroad from thence upon the face of all the earth: and they left off to build the city.
9 Therefore is the name of it called Babel; because the Lord did there confound the language of all the earth: and from thence did the Lord scatter them abroad upon the face of all the earth.

Having all come directly from Noah and his sons, all of the people on the earth at this time spoke the same language and could communicate with one another. Ham’s descendants included Nimrod, who was of the land of Shinar. The people there began to build in the land. They wanted to build a tower to heaven and to come up with a name for themselves to identify themselves if they were scattered. This was the tower of Babel. My understanding here is that the people were at a point where they were trusting too much in their own abilities and no longer depending on the Lord like they should have been. Because of the building of the tower, the Lord confounded the language of the people, meaning they could no longer communicate with one another plainly. I can imagine just how frustrating this change would be. This caused the people to become scattered across the earth.

I think part of the wisdom in the miracle of confounding the language of people at that time, was to cause them (or rather us now) to rely more on the spirit. Part of what has allowed the gospel to spread today, is missionaries relying on the gifts of the spirit, specifically the gift of tongues, to communicate properly the teachings. This reliance on the spirit, allows the spirit to teach both the missionaries as well as those who are hearing the messages. I am sure that throughout the history of the world, people have been touched by this gift of the spirit to communicate the messages of the gospel, and that their testimonies have been strengthened in ways that they would not have been had everyone continued to speak the same language.

In addition, the scattering of people due to this confounding has been a blessing because the knowledge of gospel truths, even in their smallest form, has been taken to all the areas of the earth. In some places they may have been forgotten over time, but the influence of good has been able to touch many souls. This scattering makes the gathering of people back together again, an exciting thing to come.

A Family Tree

10 These are the generations of Shem: Shem was an hundred years old, and begat Arphaxad two years after the flood:
11 And Shem lived after he begat Arphaxad five hundred years, and begat sons and daughters.
12 And Arphaxad lived five and thirty years, and begat Salah:
13 And Arphaxad lived after he begat Salah four hundred and three years, and begat sons and daughters.
14 And Salah lived thirty years, and begat Eber:
15 And Salah lived after he begat Eber four hundred and three years, and begat sons and daughters.
16 And Eber lived four and thirty years, and begat Peleg:
17 And Eber lived after he begat Peleg four hundred and thirty years, and begat sons and daughters.
18 And Peleg lived thirty years, and begat Reu:
19 And Peleg lived after he begat Reu two hundred and nine years, and begat sons and daughters.
20 And Reu lived two and thirty years, and begat Serug:
21 And Reu lived after he begat Serug two hundred and seven years, and begat sons and daughters.
22 And Serug lived thirty years, and begat Nahor:
23 And Serug lived after he begat Nahor two hundred years, and begat sons and daughters.
24 And Nahor lived nine and twenty years, and begat Terah:
25 And Nahor lived after he begat Terah an hundred and nineteen years, and begat sons and daughters.
26 And Terah lived seventy years, and begat Abram, Nahor, and Haran.

Abram, who we later know as the great prophet Abraham. We learn from these verses that he was a descendant of Noah through the line of Shem.

27 Now these are the generations of Terah: Terah begat Abram, Nahor, and Haran; and Haran begat Lot.
28 And Haran died before his father Terah in the land of his nativity, in Ur of the Chaldees.
29 And Abram and Nahor took them wives: the name of Abram’s wife was Sarai; and the name of Nahor’s wife, Milcah, the daughter of Haran, the father of Milcah, and the father of Iscah.
30 But Sarai was barren; she had no child.
31 And Terah took Abram his son, and Lot the son of Haran his son’s son, and Sarai his daughter in law, his son Abram’s wife; and they went forth with them from Ur of the Chaldees, to go into the land of Canaan; and they came unto Haran, and dwelt there.
32 And the days of Terah were two hundred and five years: and Terah died in Haran.

Abram (Abraham) married Sarai and they lived in Ur. Sarai was not able to have any children. They left with their family and went to the Haran in the land of Canaan. We learn from the book of Abraham, that they left because of the famine in the land of Ur, which had been so bad that it had caused his brother Haran to die. Part of the reason for leaving was also because Abraham was commanded of the Lord to leave and go to Cannan to leave the traditions of his fathers. I think that this move was a preparation for the great prophet that Abraham would become.

Genesis Chapter 10

Noah and his family were saved from the floods, and they began to multiple upon the earth, just as they had been commanded by God (see Genesis 9).

A Family Tree

The book of Genesis continues:

1 Now these are the generations of the sons of Noah, Shem, Ham, and Japheth: and unto them were sons born after the flood.
2 The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras.
3 And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah.
4 And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim.
5 By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations.

The descendants of Japheth became the Gentiles. They divided into nations and as the grew.

6 And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan.
7 And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabtecha: and the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan.
8 And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth.
9 He was a mighty hunter before the Lord: wherefore it is said, Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the Lord.
10 And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar.
11 Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh, and the city Rehoboth, and Calah,
12 And Resen between Nineveh and Calah: the same is a great city.
13 And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,
14 And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim.
15 And Canaan begat Sidon his firstborn, and Heth,
16 And the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgasite,
17 And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite,
18 And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad.
19 And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha.
20 These are the sons of Ham, after their families, after their tongues, in their countries, and in their nations.

Ham’s descendants took the lands in and around Egypt and included the Canaanites. Nimrod, a descendant of Ham, was a powerful hunter. He must have stood out to his descendants, because even the people of Jared from the Book of Mormon, named areas after him. His kingdom was Babel, which later became the Babylon. Nimrod founded the land of Nineveh, which we learn about later in the scriptures from the story of Jonah. Also from these descendants came the Philistines. According to the footnotes for the word Canaan, the descendants who were Cannanites, would live in basically a wasteland, where they would be unable to produce much. Plus there would be divisions and scattering among them. These descendants did not receive blessings like those who were faithful and righteous.

21 Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born.
22 The children of Shem; Elam, and Asshur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram.
23 And the children of Aram; Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash.
24 And Arphaxad begat Salah; and Salah begat Eber.
25 And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother’s name was Joktan.
26 And Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmaveth, and Jerah,
27 And Hadoram, and Uzal, and Diklah,
28 And Obal, and Abimael, and Sheba,
29 And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab: all these were the sons of Joktan.
30 And their dwelling was from Mesha, as thou goest unto Sephar a mount of the east.
31 These are the sons of Shem, after their families, after their tongues, in their lands, after their nations.
32 These are the families of the sons of Noah, after their generations, in their nations: and by these were the nations divided in the earth after the flood.

The remainder of the descendants of Noah were children of Shem. One of them was Peleg, who lived to see the division of the earth. I think that part of the reason we have these verses to teach us how the people of the earth today could come from the family of Noah. This chapter has a lot of names, only some of which come up again in the scriptures, but I am sure that this list is important to the fullness of our work as an eternal family of God.

Genesis Chapter 5

Adam and Eve are our first parents and they had many righteous individuals in their posterity. As I have learned from studying the topic of family history and temple work, it is vitally important for us to know our genealogy. Since Adam and Eve are related to all people who have ever lived, it is important for each of us to come to know them and their descendants, who are our ancestors. This chapter is a record of Adam’s descendants.

1 This is the book of the generations of Adam. In the day that God created man, in the likeness of God made he him;
2 Male and female created he them; and blessed them, and called their name Adam, in the day when they were created.

This particular record does not show all the children and families of Adam and Eve, but rather, it is a record of the priesthood line from Adam down through the generations. Adam is another way of saying mankind (according to the footnote in verse 2). God created mankind and as such, we are all members of the family of Adam.

A Family Tree

3 And Adam lived an hundred and thirty years, and begat a son in his own likeness, after his image; and called his name Seth:
4 And the days of Adam after he had begotten Seth were eight hundred years: and he begat sons and daughters:
5 And all the days that Adam lived were nine hundred and thirty years: and he died.
6 And Seth lived an hundred and five years, and begat Enos:
7 And Seth lived after he begat Enos eight hundred and seven years, and begat sons and daughters:
8 And all the days of Seth were nine hundred and twelve years: and he died.
9 And Enos lived ninety years, and begat Cainan:
10 And Enos lived after he begat Cainan eight hundred and fifteen years, and begat sons and daughters:
11 And all the days of Enos were nine hundred and five years: and he died.
12 And Cainan lived seventy years, and begat Mahalaleel:
13 And Cainan lived after he begat Mahalaleel eight hundred and forty years, and begat sons and daughters:
14 And all the days of Cainan were nine hundred and ten years: and he died.
15 And Mahalaleel lived sixty and five years, and begat Jared:
16 And Mahalaleel lived after he begat Jared eight hundred and thirty years, and begat sons and daughters:
17 And all the days of Mahalaleel were eight hundred and ninety and five years: and he died.
18 And Jared lived an hundred sixty and two years, and he begat Enoch:
19 And Jared lived after he begat Enoch eight hundred years, and begat sons and daughters:
20 And all the days of Jared were nine hundred sixty and two years: and he died.

Time (or the duration of a life) was a very different thing for these early generations of the earth, than it is for us today. Some, if not all, of these men were alive at the time that Adam was living. We learn this when we read Doctrine and Covenants 107:45,53.

45 God called upon Cainan in the wilderness in the fortieth year of his age; and he met Adam in journeying to the place Shedolamak. He was eighty-seven years old when he received his ordination. …
53 Three years previous to the death of Adam, he called Seth, Enos, Cainan, Mahalaleel, Jared, Enoch, and Methuselah, who were all high priests, with the residue of his posterity who were righteous, into the valley of Adam-ondi-Ahman, and there bestowed upon them his last blessing.

I am sure that it was a great blessing to live at the time of Adam and Eve and to have their testimonies of the Lord to enrich their lives. The priesthood was on the earth and their were many righteous and blessed people living in that time. Enoch was one of the righteous and we learn that he was a man who walked with God.

21 And Enoch lived sixty and five years, and begat Methuselah:
22 And Enoch walked with God after he begat Methuselah three hundred years, and begat sons and daughters:
23 And all the days of Enoch were three hundred sixty and five years:
24 And Enoch walked with God: and he was not; for God took him.
25 And Methuselah lived an hundred eighty and seven years, and begat Lamech:
26 And Methuselah lived after he begat Lamech seven hundred eighty and two years, and begat sons and daughters:
27 And all the days of Methuselah were nine hundred sixty and nine years: and he died.

In Moses, chapters 6 and 7, we learn more about the great man that Enoch was. He was called of God to preach repentance to the people and because of his example and teachings, many turned their hearts to the Lord. Because his people were righteous, they were able to establish the city of Zion. They lived in unity and love all their days. Their righteousness was so pure that eventually God translated them and took the whole city of Zion to live with them. Enoch’s son, Methuselah, was not taken however, because the records and testimony of the righteous needed to continue for the rest of the world to have. In addition, the posterity of Adam in this line of the priesthood needed to continue.

28 And Lamech lived an hundred eighty and two years, and begat a son:
29 And he called his name Noah, saying, This same shall comfort us concerning our work and toil of our hands, because of the ground which the Lord hath cursed.
30 And Lamech lived after he begat Noah five hundred ninety and five years, and begat sons and daughters:
31 And all the days of Lamech were seven hundred seventy and seven years: and he died.
32 And Noah was five hundred years old: and Noah begat Shem, Ham, and Japheth.

From this line of Adam’s posterity, Noah was brought into the world. Noah was another great prophet, who is well known to many in the world today. Noah preached repentance to the people and brought a certain peace and rest to the world as he served the Lord. After the great flood, a promise was given to Noah. The Lord said that the ground would no longer be cursed for the sake of man, a curse which had been since the fall of Adam. In this, Noah brought a comfort in the work that mankind needed to do.

I am so glad that we have a record of this priesthood genealogy, so that we can have an understanding of the ancient fathers of old. We are all descendants of these men, because Noah was the patriarch of the only souls who lived through the flood. These are a part of our celestial family, that we should have a desire to be a part of. The priesthood they held and used, is the same priesthood that worthy men can hold today. Because it is available to us, we can all be partakers of the same blessings, promises, and powers to do marvelous things. This gospel truly is centered around families and I am looking forward to meeting these righteous men someday.


About My Scripture Study Buddy

I am a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints. I love the scriptures, but I am not a scriptorian. I've been told that I'm too "deep" for some, but if you are willing, I'd love to have others join me in my quest for a greater understanding of the gospel. Please feel free to leave me comments and hopefully we can help each other to learn.
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