1 Chronicles Chapter 18

David came into power in Israel, when the nation was fighting against many enemies in the nations around them. He was a strong man at this time, who had proven himself mighty in battle and as a strong leader. As the king of Israel, he had a responsibility to protect and build the nation, with the guidance and help of God. This chapter begins with the following:

1 Now after this it came to pass, that David smote the Philistines, and subdued them, and took Gath and her towns out of the hand of the Philistines.
2 And he smote Moab; and the Moabites became David’s servants, and brought gifts.

David had thought to have his mind set on building a house to the Lord, or a temple, but now that he had been told that this was not to be his responsibility or privilege, he turned his attention to subduing the Philistines and the Moabites. Gath, birthplace of Goliath and a place that had been a refuge for David, was taken by Israel. The Moabites became servants to the Israelites, and paid tribute to David.

3 And David smote Hadarezer king of Zobah unto Hamath, as he went to stablish his dominion by the river Euphrates.
4 And David took from him a thousand chariots, and seven thousand horsemen, and twenty thousand footmen: David also houghed all the chariot horses, but reserved of them an hundred chariots.
5 And when the Syrians of Damascus came to help Hadarezer king of Zobah, David slew of the Syrians two and twenty thousand men.
6 Then David put garrisons in Syria-damascus; and the Syrians became David’s servants, and brought gifts. Thus the Lord preserved David whithersoever he went.
7 And David took the shields of gold that were on the servants of Hadarezer, and brought them to Jerusalem.
8 Likewise from Tibhath, and from Chun, cities of Hadarezer, brought David very much brass, wherewith Solomon made the brasen sea, and the pillars, and the vessels of brass.

David continued to fight against the ruler of Zobah, Hadarezer. He killed him and took chariots, horsemen and footmen. He rendered all of the chariot horses useless.
The Syrians had joined with Hadarezer, and David led his men to kill 22,000 of them. The Syrians lost to David and were compelled to pay tribute to him. This was all done by the hand of the Lord. David took treasures of the men and cities of Hadarezer, which would eventually be used to make parts of the temple built by Solomon.

9 Now when Tou king of Hamath heard how David had smitten all the host of Hadarezer king of Zobah;
10 He sent Hadoram his son to king David, to inquire of his welfare, and to congratulate him, because he had fought against Hadarezer, and smitten him; (for Hadarezer had war with Tou;) and with him all manner of vessels of gold and silver and brass.

Gifts of gold, silver and brass were sent to David by the king of Hamath, who had fought against Hadarezer himself. Tou became a friend to David.

11 Them also king David dedicated unto the Lord, with the silver and the gold that he brought from all these nations; from Edom, and from Moab, and from the children of Ammon, and from the Philistines, and from Amalek.
12 Moreover Abishai the son of Zeruiah slew of the Edomites in the valley of salt eighteen thousand.

David took the gifts and dedicated them to the Lord, along with all the treasures taken from their enemies. Additionally, thousands of the Edomites were killed by Abishai.

13 And he put garrisons in Edom; and all the Edomites became David’s servants. Thus the Lord preserved David whithersoever he went.

Soldiers were placed in Edom and the people there became the servants of David. By the hand of the Lord, David had victory over all his adversaries.

14 So David reigned over all Israel, and executed judgment and justice among all his people.
15 And Joab the son of Zeruiah was over the host; and Jehoshaphat the son of Ahilud, recorder.
16 And Zadok the son of Ahitub, and Abimelech the son of Abiathar, were the priests; and Shavsha was scribe;
17 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada was over the Cherethites and the Pelethites; and the sons of David were chief about the king.

David reigned with justice over the people of Israel. Joab, David’s nephew, was the leader of the armies of Israel. Jehoshaphat was the recorder (or keeper of the state chronicles according to the Bible Dictionary), Zadok and Abimelech were the priests, and Shavsha was the scribe. Benaiah was placed over the Cherethites and Pelethites. The sons of David were second in the leadership of the people.

The Lord had promised the Israelites that they would be a mighty nation who would be protected from their enemies, if they would be faithful to him. David was serving as a faithful king and was blessed for it. The Lord continually blesses those faithful to him and will deliver them from their enemies time and time again. We may not face physical enemies as great as entire nations, but we all face a common enemy to our spirits. The blessing for the faithful, is that the Lord will deliver us from the adversary and his host, which is a far greater gift to receive.

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