1 Chronicles Chapter 2

A Family Tree

The beginning of the books of Chronicles, lists a genealogy of Israelite people. In the previous chapter, the list focused on the patriarchs prior to the flood, meaning from Adam to Noah, and then the line from Noah to the fathers of the Israelites, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob (Israel). This second chapter continues to record a portion of the Children of Israel. It begins with the following:

1 These are the sons of Israel; Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Issachar, and Zebulun,
2 Dan, Joseph, and Benjamin, Naphtali, Gad, and Asher.

Israel had twelve sons, Reuben (son of Leah, who transgressed against his father and lost his birthright), Simeon (son of Leah, who shamed their father by killing out of revenge for the act against his sister Dinah), Levi (son of Leah, who joined with Simeon in revenge and was cursed for his actions), Judah (son of Leah,
who convinced his brothers to sell Joseph to the Ishmeelites rather than kill him
), Issachar (son of Leah), Zebulun (son of Leah), Dan (Son of Bilhah), Joseph (son of Rachel, who was loved more by Israel, was sold into slavery by his brothers, eventually reunited, and given the birthright), Benjamin (last son of Rachel, because she died giving birth), Naphtali (son of Bilhah), Gad (son of Zilpah), and Asher (son of Zilpah). These 12 sons went into Egypt with their father and this is where the Israelites lived for around 400 years. (See also Genesis 29, Genesis 30, Genesis 35, Genesis 37, Genesis 49, and Exodus 1, and Luke 3)

3 The sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah: which three were born unto him of the daughter of Shua the Canaanitess. And Er, the firstborn of Judah, was evil in the sight of the Lord; and he slew him.
4 And Tamar his daughter in law bare him Pharez and Zerah. All the sons of Judah were five.
5 The sons of Pharez; Hezron, and Hamul.
6 And the sons of Zerah; Zimri, and Ethan, and Heman, and Calcol, and Dara: five of them in all.
7 And the sons of Carmi; Achar, the troubler of Israel, who transgressed in the thing accursed.
8 And the sons of Ethan; Azariah.
9 The sons also of Hezron, that were born unto him; Jerahmeel, and Ram, and Chelubai.
10 And Ram begat Amminadab; and Amminadab begat Nahshon, prince of the children of Judah;
11 And Nahshon begat Salma, and Salma begat Boaz,
12 And Boaz begat Obed, and Obed begat Jesse,

Judah (Juda), the son of Israel, was the father of Er, Onan, and Shelah (father of the Shelanites). They had a Canaanite mother, named Shua. (see also Genesis 38) Er was a wicked son and he was destroyed. His brother, Onan, also sinned against the Lord, in not fathering the children of his brother’s wife once Er had died. Tradition was to take his brother’s widow to wife, which he did, but he would not give her children, and so he died also while they still lived in the land of Canaan. Judah (Judas*) was also the father of Pharez (Phares) and Zerah (Zara), whose mother was Tamar (Thamar). Tamar had been the wife of Judah’s first son Er. (see Genesis 38; see also Genesis 46, Numbers 26, and Luke 3) Judah had five sons in all.

Pharez, son of Judah and Tamar, was the father of Hezron (Esrom) and Hamul (family of the Pharzites). The line of Pharez through Hezron, would eventually include Joseph, the husband of Mary, the mother of Jesus. Zerah was the father of Zimri, Ethan, Heman, Calcol, and Dara; or the Zarhites. Carmi (son of Zabdi, son of Zerah, according to Joshua 7:1and 7:18) was the father of Achar (Achan), who transgressed by taking spoils of Jericho which had been banned by the Lord, bringing the defeat of Israel at Ai. He was known as the troubler of Israel and was stoned for his actions (see Joshua 7). (See also Genesis 46, Ruth 4, Numbers 26, Joshua 7, and Matthew 1, and Luke 3)

Ethan, the son of Zerah, was the father of Azariah. Hezron, the son of Pharez, was the father of Jerahmeel, Ram (Aram), and Chelubai (family of the Hezronites). Ram, was the father of Amminadab (Aminadab), who was the father of Nahshon (Naasson), who was the leader over the tribe of Judah. Nahshon was the father of Salma (Salmon), who was the father of Boaz (Booz, son of Rachab and kinsman of Elimelech, the husband of Naomi), who was the father of Obed (son of Ruth), who was the father of Jesse. (See also Ruth 1, Ruth 4, Matthew 1, Luke 3, and Number 26)

13 And Jesse begat his firstborn Eliab, and Abinadab the second, and Shimma the third,
14 Nethaneel the fourth, Raddai the fifth,
15 Ozem the sixth, David the seventh:
16 Whose sisters were Zeruiah, and Abigail. And the sons of Zeruiah; Abishai, and Joab, and Asahel, three.
17 And Abigail bare Amasa: and the father of Amasa was Jether the Ishmeelite.

Jesse (an Ephrathite of Beth-lehem-judah) was the father of Eliab, Abinadab, Simna, Nethaneel, Raddai, Ozem, David (the youngest of the sons, but chosen by the Lord to become King David over Israel), and two girls, Zeruiah and Abigail (daughter of Nahash). Zeruiah was the mother of Abishai, Joab, and Asahel. These three nephews became servants of David, fighting in battles against the enemies of David. Asahel was killed by a man named Abner, and his brothers went after him. After a time, Joab, who was the captain of David’s army at the time, killed Abner for the death of his brother. The second daughter of Jesse, Abigail, and an Ishmeelite named Jether (Ithra), were the parents of Amasa. Amasa was the cousin of Joab and nephew to David. He was made captain of the army in the place of Joab, while David was forced into hiding by his son, Absalom. Amasa was eventually killed by Joab. Sidenote: David was the ancestor to all the kings of Judah, and eventually to Christ. (see also Matthew 1, Luke 3, Ruth 4, 1 Samuel 16, 2 Samuel 2, 2 Samuel 3, 2 Samuel 5, 2 Samuel 17, 2 Samuel 20, and Isaiah 11)

18 And Caleb the son of Hezron begat children of Azubah his wife, and of Jerioth: her sons are these; Jesher, and Shobab, and Ardon.
19 And when Azubah was dead, Caleb took unto him Ephrath, which bare him Hur.
20 And Hur begat Uri, and Uri begat Bezaleel.

Hezron, the grandson of Judah, was the father of Caleb. He and his wife Azubah (and Jerioth, who was perhaps a handmaiden), were the parents of Jesher, Shobab, and Ardon. Caleb’s wife Azubah died and then he became the father of Hur, whose mother was Ephrath. Hur was the father of Uri and Uri was the father of Bezaleel.

21 And afterward Hezron went in to the daughter of Machir the father of Gilead, whom he married when he was threescore years old; and she bare him Segub.
22 And Segub begat Jair, who had three and twenty cities in the land of Gilead.
23 And he took Geshur, and Aram, with the towns of Jair, from them, with Kenath, and the towns thereof, even threescore cities. All these belonged to the sons of Machir the father of Gilead.
24 And after that Hezron was dead in Caleb-ephratah, then Abiah, Hezron’s wife bare him Ashur the father of Tekoa.

When Hezron was sixty, he also married the daugher of Machir, who was the leader of the tribe of Gilead. They became the parents of Segub. Segub was the father of Jair, who ruled over twenty-three cities in Gilead. He took sixty cities, including Geshur, Aram, Jair, Kenath, and the town that went with them, which belonged to the heirs of Machir. Hezron died in Caleb-ephratha, and his wife, Abiah, had his son, Ashur, who became the father of Tekoa.

25 And the sons of Jerahmeel the firstborn of Hezron were, Ram the firstborn, and Bunah, and Oren, and Ozem, and Ahijah.
26 Jerahmeel had also another wife, whose name was Atarah; she was the mother of Onam.
27 And the sons of Ram the firstborn of Jerahmeel were, Maaz, and Jamin, and Eker.
28 And the sons of Onam were, Shammai, and Jada. And the sons of Shammai; Nadab, and Abishur.
29 And the name of the wife of Abishur was Abihail, and she bare him Ahban, and Molid.
30 And the sons of Nadab; Seled, and Appaim: but Seled died without children.
31 And the sons of Appaim; Ishi. And the sons of Ishi; Sheshan. And the children of Sheshan; Ahlai.
32 And the sons of Jada the brother of Shammai; Jether, and Jonathan: and Jether died without children.
33 And the sons of Jonathan; Peleth, and Zaza. These were the sons of Jerahmeel.

Hezron’s firstborn was Jerahmeel, and he was the father of Ram, Bunah, Oren, Ozem and Ahijah. His second wife, Atarah, was the mother of Onam as well. Ram was the father of Maaz, Jamin, and Eker. Onam was the father of Shammai and Jada. Shammai was the father of Nadab and Abishur. Abishur married Abihail and they were the parents of Ahban and Molid. Nadab was the father of Seled and Appaim, but Seled died without ever becoming a father. Appaim was the father of Ishi, who was the father of Sheshan, who was the father of Ahlai. Onam’s other son, Jada, was the father of Jether and Jonathan. Jether also died without becoming a father, and Jonathan was the father of Peleth and Zaza.

34 Now Sheshan had no sons, but daughters. And Sheshan had a servant, an Egyptian, whose name was Jarha.
35 And Sheshan gave his daughter to Jarha his servant to wife; and she bare him Attai.
36 And Attai begat Nathan, and Nathan begat Zabad,
37 And Zabad begat Ephlal, and Ephlal begat Obed,
38 And Obed begat Jehu, and Jehu begat Azariah,
39 And Azariah begat Helez, and Helez begat Eleasah,
40 And Eleasah begat Sisamai, and Sisamai begat Shallum,
41 And Shallum begat Jekamiah, and Jekamiah begat Elishama.

Sheshan, the son of Ishi, had only daughters (above Ahlai is named). He had an Egyptian servant named Jarha, to which he gave his daughter to marry. Jarha was the father of Attai, who was the father of Nathan. Nathan was the father of Zabad, who was the father of Ephlal, who was the father of Obed. Obed was the father of Jehu, who was the father of Azariah. Azariah was the father of Helez, who was the father of Eleasah, who was the father of Sisamai, who was the father of Shallum, the father of Jekamiah, the father of Elishama.

42 Now the sons of Caleb the brother of Jerahmeel were, Mesha his firstborn, which was the father of Ziph; and the sons of Mareshah the father of Hebron.
43 And the sons of Hebron; Korah, and Tappuah, and Rekem, and Shema.
44 And Shema begat Raham, the father of Jorkoam: and Rekem begat Shammai.
45 And the son of Shammai was Maon: and Maon was the father of Beth-zur.
46 And Ephah, Caleb’s concubine, bare Haran, and Moza, and Gazez: and Haran begat Gazez.
47 And the sons of Jahdai; Regem, and Jotham, and Geshan, and Pelet, and Ephah, and Shaaph.
48 Maachah, Caleb’s concubine, bare Sheber, and Tirhanah.
49 She bare also Shaaph the father of Madmannah, Sheva the father of Machbenah, and the father of Gibea: and the daughter of Caleb was Achsah.

Caleb, the brother of Jerahmeel and son of Hezron, was the father of Mesha, the father of Ziph. (I am unsure as to the connection or meaning of “the sons of Mareshah the father of Hebron”.) Hebron was the father (or the place) of Korah, Tappuah, Rekem and Shema. The land of Hebron became the land of Caleb, so they could have been men of the placed called Hebron. Shema was the father of Raham, who was the father of Jorkoam. Rekem, son of Hebron, was the father of Shammai, who was the father of Maon, who was the father of Beth-zur.

Caleb was also the father of Haran, Moza and Gazez by his concubine, Ephah. Haran was the father of Gazez. Jahdai (who by my guess may have been another concubine or wife to Caleb, seeing as how they are listed among the family of Caleb) had sons named Regem, Jotham, Geshan, Pelet, Ephah, and Shaaph. Caleb’s concubine Maachah, had Sheber, Tirhanah, Shaaph, and Sheva. Caleb also had a daughter named Achsah. Shaaph was the father of Madmannah. Sheva was the father of Machbenah and Gibea.

50 These were the sons of Caleb the son of Hur, the firstborn of Ephratah; Shobal the father of Kirjath-jearim,
51 Salma the father of Beth-lehem, Hareph the father of Beth-gader.
52 And Shobal the father of Kirjath-jearim had sons; Haroeh, and half of the Manahethites.
53 And the families of Kirjath-jearim; the Ithrites, and the Puhites, and the Shumathites, and the Mishraites; of them came the Zareathites, and the Eshtaulites.
54 The sons of Salma; Beth-lehem, and the Netophathites, Ataroth, the house of Joab, and half of the Manahethites, the Zorites.
55 And the families of the scribes which dwelt at Jabez; the Tirathites, the Shimeathites, and Suchathites. These are the Kenites that came of Hemath, the father of the house of Rechab.

Caleb the son of Hur, who was the firstborn of Ephratah (which may have been a place – see “Caleb-ephratah” above), was the father of Shobal, the father of Kirjath-jearim (which was the name of a city where the ark was located for 20 years). Salma became the father of Beth-lehem (the location of a well), the Netophathites, Ataroth, the house of Joab, half of the Manahethites, and the Zorites. Hareph became the father of Beth-gader. Shobal had sons, Haroeh and the other half of the Manahethites. Kirjath-Jearim became the location, I believe, of the Ithrites, Puhites, Shumathities, and Mishraites, some of which became Zareathites and Eshtaulites. The families of the scribes of Jabez, were the Tirathites, Shieathites, and Suchathites. These were the Kenites of Hemath, who was the father of the house of Rechab. The Kenites were the family of Moses’ father-in-law, Jethro. (See Judges 1:16)

As with the previous chapter, one of the reasons this interests me, is that I am supposedly related to some of the people mentioned here. If the records of my ancestry are correct, I am related to David, king of Israel, through his son Solomon (Salomao de Israel in my record). My line goes back from David, through Jesse, Obed, Boaz, Salmon, Naasson, Amminadab, Aram, Hezron and eventually back to Jacob.

This chapter seems to get really confusing to me, in understanding who belongs to whom. I may be wrong in the assumption that most of these are men, but it does often list them as the sons of someone. In any case, this chapter seems to be the ancestry of several of the tribes found in Israel mostly related to Judah, Jesse, and Caleb. The book of Chronicles in general is a record where many of the generations of the Israelites are listed. I believe that the family is the focus of the plan of God for us, and so, it is important for these records to exist. When we keep records of our families, as they kept in ancient times, we further the work of the Lord on this earth. Additionally, it is amazing to be able to know where we came from and who came before us and lived as they did, to bring us the blessings of the life we have today.

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