1 Kings Chapter 15

Jeroboam and Rehoboam had been the leaders over the promised land and the Lord’s people. Both had chosen to rule in wickedness, in particular, leading there people in idolatry. Jeroboam, would die and leave his son, Nadab, to rule over the ten tribes of Israel, but Rehoboam, who had ruled over Judah, or the Southern Kingdom, passed away first. His son, Abijam, became the ruler of the people of the Southern Kingdom. The chapter begins:

1 Now in the eighteenth year of king Jeroboam the son of Nebat reigned Abijam over Judah.
2 Three years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.
3 And he walked in all the sins of his father, which he had done before him: and his heart was not perfect with the Lord his God, as the heart of David his father.
4 Nevertheless for David’s sake did the Lord his God give him a lamp in Jerusalem, to set up his son after him, and to establish Jerusalem:
5 Because David did that which was right in the eyes of the Lord, and turned not aside from any thing that he commanded him all the days of his life, save only in the matter of Uriah the Hittite.
6 And there was war between Rehoboam and Jeroboam all the days of his life.
7 Now the rest of the acts of Abijam, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? And there was war between Abijam and Jeroboam.
8 And Abijam slept with his fathers; and they buried him in the city of David: and Asa his son reigned in his stead.

Abijam began to rule over Judah during the reign of Jeroboam. He was in Jerusalem for three years and continued to rule in the same wickedness ways that his father had ruled. He did not follow after the ways of the Lord, but because of the promises given to David, he was allowed to continue his leadership in Jerusalem. During his reign, there was continual fighting between Judah and Israel, who continued to be led by Jeroboam. He died and his son, Asa, ruled over Judah.

9 And in the twentieth year of Jeroboam king of Israel reigned Asa over Judah.
10 And forty and one years reigned he in Jerusalem. And his mother’s name was Maachah, the daughter of Abishalom.
11 And Asa did that which was right in the eyes of the Lord, as did David his father.
12 And he took away the sodomites out of the land, and removed all the idols that his fathers had made.
13 And also Maachah his mother, even her he removed from being queen, because she had made an idol in a grove; and Asa destroyed her idol, and burnt it by the brook Kidron.
14 But the high places were not removed: nevertheless Asa’s heart was perfect with the Lord all his days.
15 And he brought in the things which his father had dedicated, and the things which himself had dedicated, into the house of the Lord, silver, and gold, and vessels.

Asa, unlike his father, did those things that the Lord wanted him to do. In the forty-one years he reigned, he got rid of the sodomites and the idols, which had brought great wickedness into the land. He removed his mother from being the queen because she had led the people in idolatry. He did not destroy the temples that had been built, but he did rule in righteousness and placed the dedicated things back in the temple of the Lord.

16 And there was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days.
17 And Baasha king of Israel went up against Judah, and built Ramah, that he might not suffer any to go out or come in to Asa king of Judah.
18 Then Asa took all the silver and the gold that were left in the treasures of the house of the Lord, and the treasures of the king’s house, and delivered them into the hand of his servants: and king Asa sent them to Ben-hadad, the son of Tabrimon, the son of Hezion, king of Syria, that dwelt at Damascus, saying,
19 There is a league between me and thee, and between my father and thy father: behold, I have sent unto thee a present of silver and gold; come and break thy league with Baasha king of Israel, that he may depart from me.
20 So Ben-hadad hearkened unto king Asa, and sent the captains of the hosts which he had against the cities of Israel, and smote Ijon, and Dan, and Abel-beth-maachah, and all Cinneroth, with all the land of Naphtali.
21 And it came to pass, when Baasha heard thereof, that he left off building of Ramah, and dwelt in Tirzah.
22 Then king Asa made a proclamation throughout all Judah; none was exempted: and they took away the stones of Ramah, and the timber thereof, wherewith Baasha had builded; and king Asa built with them Geba of Benjamin, and Mizpah.
23 The rest of all the acts of Asa, and all his might, and all that he did, and the cities which he built, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? Nevertheless in the time of his old age he was diseased in his feet.
24 And Asa slept with his fathers, and was buried with his fathers in the city of David his father: and Jehoshaphat his son reigned in his stead.

The fighting continued between Judah and Israel. Baasha became the king of Israel, after Nadab. He went up against Judah and built a wall to keep his people from going to see Asa. Asa took all of the treasure and sent them with his servants, to Ben-hadad, the king of Syria. He asked Ben-hadad to support him in the fight against Israel. Ben-hadad sent his army to join Judah against Israel. Baahsa retreated to Tirzah, and Asa had his people break down the wall built by Baahsa. Asa ruled as a mighty man, and died in his old age. Jehoshaphat became the king of Judah.

25 And Nadab the son of Jeroboam began to reign over Israel in the second year of Asa king of Judah, and reigned over Israel two years.
26 And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, and walked in the way of his father, and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to sin.

Prior to Baasha ruling over Israel, Nadab was king. He only ruled for two years, and he continued to rule in wickedness, just as his father did.

27 And Baasha the son of Ahijah, of the house of Issachar, conspired against him; and Baasha smote him at Gibbethon, which belonged to the Philistines; for Nadab and all Israel laid siege to Gibbethon.
28 Even in the third year of Asa king of Judah did Baasha slay him, and reigned in his stead.
29 And it came to pass, when he reigned, that he smote all the house of Jeroboam; he left not to Jeroboam any that breathed, until he had destroyed him, according unto the saying of the Lord, which he spake by his servant Ahijah the Shilonite:
30 Because of the sins of Jeroboam which he sinned, and which he made Israel sin, by his provocation wherewith he provoked the Lord God of Israel to anger.

Baasha, of the tribe of Issachar, conspired against Nadab. He killed him in a placed called Gibbethon, which the Isrealites had besieged from the Philistines. Baasha became king, and destroyed all the house of Jeroboam. He probably did this so that no one of that line would attempt to come against him to reclaim the kingdom, but in doing so, he fulfilled the word of the Lord against Jeroboam, which were spoken by the prophet Ahijah.

31 Now the rest of the acts of Nadab, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Israel?
32 And there was war between Asa and Baasha king of Israel all their days.
33 In the third year of Asa king of Judah began Baasha the son of Ahijah to reign over all Israel in Tirzah, twenty and four years.
34 And he did evil in the sight of the Lord, and walked in the way of Jeroboam, and in his sin wherewith he made Israel to sin.

So, Nadab ruled over Israel, followed by Baasha. The fighting between Israel and Judah, continued during the reign of Baasha. He reigned for 24 years, and led the people in wickedness just as the kings before him.

It was a tender mercy of the Lord, that he allowed Abijam to continue to rule unrighteously, because of the promises made to David. The Lord could have allowed him to be destroyed, just as the family of Jeroboam. Thankfully, He did not destroy him, and there would be one from his line, Asa, who would lead righteously. The scriptures do not tell us why Asa did not grow up to follow in the ways of his father, but we know that for many years, he ruled as the Lord would have him rule. This is a story that shows that no one is absolutely going to live the traditions of their fathers. We all have agency and can choose for ourselves if we will follow the Lord or follow the path of temptation. Sadly, there were many leaders over the Israelite people, who would not lead righteously. This would be their undoing, and the Israelites would eventually be scattered. It is so vital for people to be led by those who are trying to do good. When nations are led by good men and women, they are blessed and prosper. I pray that those who are rulers today, in this nation I live in specifically, will be influenced to do good and be a blessing to the people who live in the land.

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