2 Samuel Chapter 17

Ahithophel was the former counselor to King David, who joined the conspiracy of Absalom, to overthrow David. Once David had fled Jerusalem, Ahithophel had become Absalom’s counselor. He had advised Absalom to take his father’s concubines, which had been left to take care of David’s home. Absalom had followed his counsel. Meanwhile, David had sent his friend Hushai to pretend to serve as a counselor to Absalom, and instead to spy on him. He was to report back to the priests, who would let David know all that he said. Additionally, Hushai was there to defeat the counsel of Ahithophel, so that it was seen as foolishness.

1 Moreover Ahithophel said unto Absalom, Let me now choose out twelve thousand men, and I will arise and pursue after David this night:
2 And I will come upon him while he is weary and weak handed, and will make him afraid: and all the people that are with him shall flee; and I will smite the king only:
3 And I will bring back all the people unto thee: the man whom thou seekest is as if all returned: so all the people shall be in peace.
4 And the saying pleased Absalom well, and all the elders of Israel.
5 Then said Absalom, Call now Hushai the Archite also, and let us hear likewise what he saith.
6 And when Hushai was come to Absalom, Absalom spake unto him, saying, Ahithophel hath spoken after this manner: shall we do after his saying? if not; speak thou.
7 And Hushai said unto Absalom, The counsel that Ahithophel hath given is not good at this time.
8 For, said Hushai, thou knowest thy father and his men, that they be mighty men, and they be chafed in their minds, as a bear robbed of her whelps in the field: and thy father is a man of war, and will not lodge with the people.
9 Behold, he is hid now in some pit, or in some other place: and it will come to pass, when some of them be overthrown at the first, that whosoever heareth it will say, There is a slaughter among the people that follow Absalom.
10 And he also that is valiant, whose heart is as the heart of a lion, shall utterly melt: for all Israel knoweth that thy father is a mighty man, and they which be with him are valiant men.
11 Therefore I counsel that all Israel be generally gathered unto thee, from Dan even to Beer-sheba, as the sand that is by the sea for multitude; and that thou go to battle in thine own person.
12 So shall we come upon him in some place where he shall be found, and we will light upon him as the dew falleth on the ground: and of him and of all the men that are with him there shall not be left so much as one.
13 Moreover, if he be gotten into a city, then shall all Israel bring ropes to that city, and we will draw it into the river, until there be not one small stone found there.
14 And Absalom and all the men of Israel said, The counsel of Hushai the Archite is better than the counsel of Ahithophel. For the Lord had appointed to defeat the good counsel of Ahithophel, to the intent that the Lord might bring evil upon Absalom.

Ahithophel gave counsel to Absalom, that he should allow him to take 12,000 men and go after David. His plan was to surprise David in his weakness and kill him alone. Then, he said that he would gather all the people back to Absalom and there would be peace. Absalom and the other leaders thought this sounded like a pleasing idea. They asked for Hushai to come to them and give them counsel as well. They told him of Ahithophel’s counsel, and he told Absalom it was not a good time to do it. He told him that the men of David were not weak men, but men of war. That they were bitter because of what had happened to them, and also, that David would not be with his people, but that he would be hiding elsewhere. Hushai said that when they began to go against the people of David, others would say that those that follow Absalom were being salughtered. He told Absalom that valiant men would be afraid, because of David and his men. Instead, he counseled Absalom to gather Israel to him, and for Absalom to go to battle himself. He said that they would find David and be able to defeat him and the men with him. That, they could defeat any city David would go into. Absalom and the elders agreed that this counsel was better than the counsel of Ahithophel. So, with help of the Lord, Husahi had defeated the counsel of Ahithophel. This was an answer to the prayers of David as he had fled Jerusalem.

15 Then said Hushai unto Zadok and to Abiathar the priests, Thus and thus did Ahithophel counsel Absalom and the elders of Israel; and thus and thus have I counselled.
16 Now therefore send quickly, and tell David, saying, Lodge not this night in the plains of the wilderness, but speedily pass over; lest the king be swallowed up, and all the people that are with him.
17 Now Jonathan and Ahimaaz stayed by En-rogel; for they might not be seen to come into the city: and a wench went and told them; and they went and told king David.
18 Nevertheless a lad saw them, and told Absalom: but they went both of them away quickly, and came to a man’s house in Bahurim, which had a well in his court; whither they went down.
19 And the woman took and spread a covering over the well’s mouth, and spread ground corn thereon; and the thing was not known.
20 And when Absalom’s servants came to the woman to the house, they said, Where is Ahimaaz and Jonathan? And the woman said unto them, They be gone over the brook of water. And when they had sought and could not find them, they returned to Jerusalem.
21 And it came to pass, after they were departed, that they came up out of the well, and went and told king David, and said unto David, Arise, and pass quickly over the water: for thus hath Ahithophel counselled against you.
22 Then David arose, and all the people that were with him, and they passed over Jordan: by the morning light there lacked not one of them that was not gone over Jordan.

Hushai went back to the priests, Zadok and Abiathar, and told them what had been counseled by Ahithophel and by himself. He sent warning to David, to flee over the Jordan, so that he would not be destroyed. The sons of the priests, Jonathan and Ahimaaz, went in secret to warn David. A young man saw them and told Absalom. They hid in a well in the court of a man named Bahurim. The woman of the house helped them hide by covering the well and hiding it. The servants of Absalom asked her where they had gone and she told them that they had passed over the brook. The servants were unable to find them, so they went back to Jerusalem. The sons came out of the well and found David to deliver their message to him. David quickly fled with all of his people, and were gone from the wilderness by morning.

23 And when Ahithophel saw that his counsel was not followed, he saddled his ass, and arose, and gat him home to his house, to his city, and put his household in order, and hanged himself, and died, and was buried in the sepulchre of his father.
24 Then David came to Mahanaim. And Absalom passed over Jordan, he and all the men of Israel with him.

Ahithophel learned that Absalom had not followed his counsel, so he went home to Giloh, and hung himself. I am guessing that he felt great shame in not being able to cousel his leader. He may have felt that he would never be listened to again, and so there was nothing else to live for. Absalom took his men and passed over the Jordan as well.

25 And Absalom made Amasa captain of the host instead of Joab: which Amasa was a man’s son, whose name was Ithra an Israelite, that went in to Abigail the daughter of Nahash, sister to Zeruiah Joab’s mother.
26 So Israel and Absalom pitched in the land of Gilead.

Amasa was made captain of the hosts of Absalom and they made their camp in Gilead. Absalom was prepared for war against David.

27 And it came to pass, when David was come to Mahanaim, that Shobi the son of Nahash of Rabbah of the children of Ammon, and Machir the son of Ammiel of Lo-debar, and Barzillai the Gileadite of Rogelim,
28 Brought beds, and basins, and earthen vessels, and wheat, and barley, and flour, and parched corn, and beans, and lentiles, and parched pulse,
29 And honey, and butter, and sheep, and cheese of kine, for David, and for the people that were with him, to eat: for they said, The people is hungry, and weary, and thirsty, in the wilderness.

As David went to Mahanaim, many of the leaders around, had provisions brought to David, to help him and his people.

In the course of events that had transpired, David had not continued in the path of sin he had found himself on, but was trying to live according to the will and commandments of God. Even though he had made some bad decisions while in Jerusalem, the Lord was willing to hear his prayers and give him help. We all make mistakes. We all sin, and when we feel godly sorrow for the things we have done, God will also be there for us. He will allow us the opportunity to repent and make up for the things we have done. There is very little that would not be forgiven by God, and I don’t think that many people would do those things. So, we should follow David’s example in continuing to turn to the Lord. He did this, even though he knew that there were things he could not make up for during his life time. God will bless those who are trying to become better each day. God will hear our sincere prayers and will be there for us as we strive to improve and serve.


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