2 Samuel Chapter 5

The king of Israel, Ish-bosheth, was killed by men of Judah, and the only other son of Saul, was a young man who had fled and had become lame in the process. This left Israel without a ruler. David was the king of Judah and had been prepared from a young age to become the king of all of Israel, as he was chosen by God. This chapter begins with the following:

1 Then came all the tribes of Israel to David unto Hebron, and spake, saying, Behold, we are thy bone and thy flesh.
2 Also in time past, when Saul was king over us, thou wast he that leddest out and broughtest in Israel: and the Lord said to thee, Thou shalt feed my people Israel, and thou shalt be a captain over Israel.
3 So all the elders of Israel came to the king to Hebron; and king David made a league with them in Hebron before the Lord: and they anointed David king over Israel.

Men of Israel came to king David, recognizing him as their brother and as one who protected them in the past. They knew that the Lord was with him, and the elders of Israel made an agreement with David. David was anointed king of Israel.

4 David was thirty years old when he began to reign, and he reigned forty years.
5 In Hebron he reigned over Judah seven years and six months: and in Jerusalem he reigned thirty and three years over all Israel and Judah.

David had been the king of Judah for seven and a half years when he became the king of Israel. He was 37 years old. He reigned over Israel for thirty-three years, bringing his total reign as king, to forty years. His reign would end when he was about seventy years old.

6 And the king and his men went to Jerusalem unto the Jebusites, the inhabitants of the land: which spake unto David, saying, Except thou take away the blind and the lame, thou shalt not come in hither: thinking, David cannot come in hither.
7 Nevertheless David took the strong hold of Zion: the same is the city of David.
8 And David said on that day, Whosoever getteth up to the gutter, and smiteth the Jebusites, and the lame and the blind, that are hated of David’s soul, he shall be chief and captain. Wherefore they said, The blind and the lame shall not come into the house.
9 So David dwelt in the fort, and called it the city of David. And David built round about from Millo and inward.
10 And David went on, and grew great, and the Lord God of hosts was with him.

King David went to Jerusalem and when the Jebusites would not allow him in, he took the strong hold. The Jebusites had been there since the time when Joshua led Israel to take the promised land. After David took it, the strong hold became the city of David. David offered the role of captain of his men, to the man who would destroy the Jebusites who were there. He built up the city of David, and became great from blessings of the Lord.

11 And Hiram king of Tyre sent messengers to David, and cedar trees, and carpenters, and masons: and they built David an house.
12 And David perceived that the Lord had established him king over Israel, and that he had exalted his kingdom for his people Israel’s sake.

David was sent the supplies and men from the king of Tyre, and they build him a house in Jerusalem. David felt the Lord blessed him and his kingdom, for the people of Israel.

13 And David took him more concubines and wives out of Jerusalem, after he was come from Hebron: and there were yet sons and daughters born to David.
14 And these be the names of those that were born unto him in Jerusalem; Shammua, and Shobab, and Nathan, and Solomon,
15 Ibhar also, and Elishua, and Nepheg, and Japhia,
16 And Elishama, and Eliada, and Eliphalet.

David’s family grew, from concubines and wives of Jerusalem. In verse 14, we read of Solomon, who would one day become a great ruler in Israel. This information regarding David and his family has been a source of confusion throughout the ages, but the Lord has given modern revelation regarding David specifically. In Doctrine and Covenants 132:29, the following was revealed, “David’s wives and concubines were given unto him of me, by the hand of Nathan, my servant, and others of the prophets who had the keys of this power; and in none of these things did he sin against me save in the case of Uriah and his wife; and, therefore he hath fallen from his exaltation, and received his portion; and he shall not inherit them out of the world, for I gave them unto another, saith the Lord.” I believe these things are true, otherwise the Lord would not have continued to bless David as he did during these fights with the Philistines. Rather, David would have been denied the assistance of the Lord, just as king Saul had had the Lord withdraw for his unrighteousness.

17 But when the Philistines heard that they had anointed David king over Israel, all the Philistines came up to seek David; and David heard of it, and went down to the hold.
18 The Philistines also came and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
19 And David inquired of the Lord, saying, Shall I go up to the Philistines? wilt thou deliver them into mine hand? And the Lord said unto David, Go up: for I will doubtless deliver the Philistines into thine hand.
20 And David came to Baal-perazim, and David smote them there, and said, The Lord hath broken forth upon mine enemies before me, as the breach of waters. Therefore he called the name of that place Baal-perazim.
21 And there they left their images, and David and his men burned them.

When the Philistines heard that David had been anointed king of Israel, they came against him. David prayed to know if he should fight the Philistines. The Lord promised David, that He would deliver the Philistines into his hands. David destroyed the Philistines in Baal-perazim, with the help and strength of the Lord. The Israelites burned the idols of the Philistines. The footnote for the word “images” says that the Hebrew meaning is to carried them away. They may not have destroyed the idols, and they might have only removed them from that location.

22 And the Philistines came up yet again, and spread themselves in the valley of Rephaim.
23 And when David inquired of the Lord, he said, Thou shalt not go up; but fetch a compass behind them, and come upon them over against the mulberry trees.
24 And let it be, when thou hearest the sound of a going in the tops of the mulberry trees, that then thou shalt bestir thyself: for then shall the Lord go out before thee, to smite the host of the Philistines.
25 And David did so, as the Lord had commanded him; and smote the Philistines from Geba until thou come to Gazer.

Again, the Philistines came against the men of Israel, but when David prayed to know if he should fight them, the Lord told him not to go to the place where they were. Instead, David was to go behind them and come from that direction. When he heard a specific sound in the mulberry trees they were near, David was to fight. The Lord promised that He would go before him and destroy the Philistines. David followed these commands from the Lord, and was able to conquer the Philistines.

At this point, David continued to be an example of one who seeks guidance from the Lord and hearkens to his commands. The Lord was with David and was a good and righteous leader for the host of Israel. When we turn to the Lord for guidance in our own callings in life, just as David did in his calling as ruler of Israel, the Lord will bless us with direction. When we, like David, choose to heed the directions of the Lord, we will be successful and have blessings beyond our expectations.


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