Numbers Chapter 29

In the previous chapter, there was a review of the daily sacrifices, as well as sacrifices for each Sabbath, Passover, Feast of Unleavened Bread, and Feast of the Firstfruits. These reminders were given, I think, in order to prepare the younger generation for the inheritance of the promised land. The review continues with chapter 29, and begins as follows:

1 And in the seventh month, on the first day of the month, ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work: it is a day of blowing the trumpets unto you.
2 And ye shall offer a burnt offering for a sweet savour unto the Lord; one young bullock, one ram, and seven lambs of the first year without blemish:
3 And their meat offering shall be of flour mingled with oil, three tenth deals for a bullock, and two tenth deals for a ram,
4 And one tenth deal for one lamb, throughout the seven lambs:
5 And one kid of the goats for a sin offering, to make an atonement for you:
6 Beside the burnt offering of the month, and his meat offering, and the daily burnt offering, and his meat offering, and their drink offerings, according unto their manner, for a sweet savour, a sacrifice made by fire unto the Lord.

There was to be a Feast of Trumpets, in the seventh month, where they were to give sacrifice. On the first day, no work was to be done, but they were to offer a bullock, a ram, and seven first-year lambs without blemish, along with offerings of flour and oil. They were also to give an atonement offering of a goat kid. This was to go along with the continual daily offering, and the other offering to be given at the beginning of each month.

7 And ye shall have on the tenth day of this seventh month an holy convocation; and ye shall afflict your souls: ye shall not do any work therein:
8 But ye shall offer a burnt offering unto the Lord for a sweet savour; one young bullock, one ram, and seven lambs of the first year; they shall be unto you without blemish:
9 And their meat offering shall be of flour mingled with oil, three tenth deals to a bullock, and two tenth deals to one ram,
10 A several tenth deal for one lamb, throughout the seven lambs:
11 One kid of the goats for a sin offering; beside the sin offering of atonement, and the continual burnt offering, and the meat offering of it, and their drink offerings.

On the tenth day of this month, they were to gather again, doing no work and fasting, I think. They were to offer a sacrifice of basically the same style as they had on the first day. This offering was to be in addition to the daily offering and sin offering for atonement.

12 And on the fifteenth day of the seventh month ye shall have an holy convocation; ye shall do no servile work, and ye shall keep a feast unto the Lord seven days:
13 And ye shall offer a burnt offering, a sacrifice made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the Lord; thirteen young bullocks, two rams, and fourteen lambs of the first year; they shall be without blemish:
14 And their meat offering shall be of flour mingled with oil, three tenth deals unto every bullock of the thirteen bullocks, two tenth deals to each ram of the two rams,
15 And a several tenth deal to each lamb of the fourteen lambs:
16 And one kid of the goats for a sin offering; beside the continual burnt offering, his meat offering, and his drink offering.

On the fifteenth day, they were to gather again, doing no work. There was to be a feast of seven days, or the Feast of Tabernacles. When this feast was introduced in Leviticus 23, they were instructed that they would live in their tents for these seven days. On the first day, they were to give an offering of thirteen bullocks, two rams, and fourteen first-year lambs. Each was to be accompanied by the appropriate offering of flour and oil. Then they were to give a sin offering, in addition to the continual offering, meat offering, and drink offerings mentioned before.

17 And on the second day ye shall offer twelve young bullocks, two rams, fourteen lambs of the first year without spot:
18 And their meat offering and their drink offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and for the lambs, shall be according to their number, after the manner:
19 And one kid of the goats for a sin offering; beside the continual burnt offering, and the meat offering thereof, and their drink offerings.

On the second day, they were to offer one less bullock along with the same sacrifice as the first.

20 And on the third day eleven bullocks, two rams, fourteen lambs of the first year without blemish;
21 And their meat offering and their drink offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and for the lambs, shall be according to their number, after the manner:
22 And one goat for a sin offering; beside the continual burnt offering, and his meat offering, and his drink offering.

On the third day, they were to offer only eleven bullocks, along with the same sacrifice as the first day.

23 And on the fourth day ten bullocks, two rams, and fourteen lambs of the first year without blemish:
24 Their meat offering and their drink offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and for the lambs, shall be according to their number, after the manner:
25 And one kid of the goats for a sin offering; beside the continual burnt offering, his meat offering, and his drink offering.

The next day, they were to give the same sacrifice with only ten bullocks.

26 And on the fifth day nine bullocks, two rams, and fourteen lambs of the first year without spot:
27 And their meat offering and their drink offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and for the lambs, shall be according to their number, after the manner:
28 And one goat for a sin offering; beside the continual burnt offering, and his meat offering, and his drink offering.

The fifth day, they were to give the same offering with only nine bullocks.

29 And on the sixth day eight bullocks, two rams, and fourteen lambs of the first year without blemish:
30 And their meat offering and their drink offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and for the lambs, shall be according to their number, after the manner:
31 And one goat for a sin offering; beside the continual burnt offering, his meat offering, and his drink offering.

Again, the next day, they were to give one less bullock with the offering.

32 And on the seventh day seven bullocks, two rams, and fourteen lambs of the first year without blemish:
33 And their meat offering and their drink offerings for the bullocks, for the rams, and for the lambs, shall be according to their number, after the manner:
34 And one goat for a sin offering; beside the continual burnt offering, his meat offering, and his drink offering.

On the seventh day, they would give seven bullocks, but the remainder of the offering would be the same as the first day. I am curious to know what the reason for giving one fewer bullock each day, or if the number had some significance.

35 On the eighth day ye shall have a solemn assembly: ye shall do no servile work therein:
36 But ye shall offer a burnt offering, a sacrifice made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the Lord: one bullock, one ram, seven lambs of the first year without blemish:
37 Their meat offering and their drink offerings for the bullock, for the ram, and for the lambs, shall be according to their number, after the manner:
38 And one goat for a sin offering; beside the continual burnt offering, and his meat offering, and his drink offering.
39 These things ye shall do unto the Lord in your set feasts, beside your vows, and your freewill offerings, for your burnt offerings, and for your meat offerings, and for your drink offerings, and for your peace offerings.
40 And Moses told the children of Israel according to all that the Lord commanded Moses.

The following day, they were to gather in a solemn assembly, doing no work that day, and offering a final sacrifice. This was to be a sacrifice of only one bullock, one ram, and seven first-year lambs. Each was to have an offering of flour and oil and a drink offering. There was to be a sin offering of a goat. This was along with the daily offering. There were also any additional offerings to be made individually as freewill offerings, burnt offerings, meat offerings, drink offerings, and peace offerings. These were the commandments of sacrifice, which the Israelites were given by the Lord through the prophet Moses.

I think it is helpful to know how much the Israelites were asked to give for the sacrifices and offerings of their day. We do not have these big feasts and rituals of sacrifices in our time, but our offering are no less important. The offerings we are asked to give are more personal. First, the offering of our own broken heart and contrite spirit. I think that this mostly means putting ourselves aside to His will. We are asked to give our time and energy in service to the Lord, through church service and callings, in personal and family study and prayer, and serving in other ways, such as attending the temple. We are asked to give our means, by paying tithing and other offerings to help those in need. Our lives are to be devoted to His work and furthering His kingdom. Each of us will be held accountable for how we choose to offer ourselves according to what the Lord knows we are able to give. It is good for each of us to review where we are and really ponder on if we are doing what is expected of us. I think that this is part of the purpose of these chapters, which seems like a lot of repetition as I am studying the bible cover-to-cover. I am grateful for the repetition of the bible and the reminders it provides to me in my life.

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