Leviticus Chapter 3

At this point in the Bible, the Lord is establishing the pattern for giving sacrifices and offerings to the Lord. Atonement sacrifices and meat offerings were already covered in the previous chapters. The book of Leviticus continues as follows:

1 And if his oblation be a sacrifice of peace offering, if he offer it of the herd; whether it be a male or female, he shall offer it without blemish before the Lord.
2 And he shall lay his hand upon the head of his offering, and kill it at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation: and Aaron’s sons the priests shall sprinkle the blood upon the altar round about.
3 And he shall offer of the sacrifice of the peace offering an offering made by fire unto the Lord; the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that is upon the inwards,
4 And the two kidneys, and the fat that is on them, which is by the flanks, and the caul above the liver, with the kidneys, it shall he take away.
5 And Aaron’s sons shall burn it on the altar upon the burnt sacrifice, which is upon the wood that is on the fire: it is an offering made by fire, of a sweet savour unto the Lord.

A peace offering was to be made of an animal of a herd, male or female, without any blemish. It was to be dedicated by the laying on of hands and then sacrificed at the door of the tabernacle. Then the priests were to give a sprinkling of the blood upon the altar. Then the offering was to be burnt as directed by the Lord.

6 And if his offering for a sacrifice of peace offering unto the Lord be of the flock; male or female, he shall offer it without blemish.
7 If he offer a lamb for his offering, then shall he offer it before the Lord.
8 And he shall lay his hand upon the head of his offering, and kill it before the tabernacle of the congregation: and Aaron’s sons shall sprinkle the blood thereof round about upon the altar.
9 And he shall offer of the sacrifice of the peace offering an offering made by fire unto the Lord; the fat thereof, and the whole rump, it shall he take off hard by the backbone; and the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that is upon the inwards,
10 And the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, which is by the flanks, and the caul above the liver, with the kidneys, it shall he take away.
11 And the priest shall burn it upon the altar: it is the food of the offering made by fire unto the Lord.

The animal offerings from flocks, such as a lamb, could be male or female as well, as long as it was without blemish. Again it was to be dedicated and sacrificed, with the blood sprinkled upon the altar. Then it was to be made a burnt food offering according to the direction of the Lord.

12 And if his offering be a goat, then he shall offer it before the Lord.
13 And he shall lay his hand upon the head of it, and kill it before the tabernacle of the congregation: and the sons of Aaron shall sprinkle the blood thereof upon the altar round about.
14 And he shall offer thereof his offering, even an offering made by fire unto the Lord; the fat that covereth the inwards, and all the fat that is upon the inwards,
15 And the two kidneys, and the fat that is upon them, which is by the flanks, and the caul above the liver, with the kidneys, it shall he take away.
16 And the priest shall burn them upon the altar: it is the food of the offering made by fire for a sweet savour: all the fat is the Lord’s.
17 It shall be a perpetual statute for your generations throughout all your dwellings, that ye eat neither fat nor blood.

If the peace offering was to be a goat, it does not say that it has to be without blemish. It says that it was to be dedicated, sacrificed, have its blood sprinkled, and then burnt according to the Lord’s instruction.

The Israelites were then commanded that they should not eat fat or blood. I pondered on this commandment and saw the footnote for “fat”, referenced Ezekiel 44:7 which reads, “In that ye have brought into my sanctuary strangers, uncircumcised in heart, and uncircumcised in flesh, to be in my sanctuary, to pollute it, even my house, when ye offer my bread, the fat and the blood, and they have broken my covenant because of all your abominations.” I think the act of removing the fat, was a way of reminding them to remove the unwanted things from our lives. The burdens of sin, guilt, sadness, sorrows, and so on, should be removed and given to the Lord. That is how we become pure and sanctified for his purposes. Likewise, I think that circumcision was also to remind them to remove the unwanted and become sanctified through covenants made with the Lord. The blood was also not to be consumed by the people. In Deuteronomy 12:23 we read, “Only be sure that thou eat not the blood: for the blood is the life; and thou mayest not eat the life with the flesh.” It teaches us that blood is life. This makes me think of the sacrament and how we partake of the bread and water, which is representing the blood and body of Christ.

Jesus-Portrait

I think that only Christ was able to give of life to us, and therefore they were not to partake of that thing that represented life. For me, the idea of drinking blood is a bit repulsive, so I cannot imagine having that desire. It seems that throughout the scriptures, those truly seeking after the worst evil, are described as blood-thirsty. That is a quality to stay far from becoming. In any case, they were given this commandment as a part of the law of Moses, which if they obeyed, they would draw nearer to Christ. This should be the desire for each of us.

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